Publication details [#63491]

Wilhelm, Csilla-Anna. 2017. Between Simplification and Complexification. German, Hungarian, Romanian Noun and Adjective Morphologies in Contact. Journal of language contact 10 (1) : 56–75.
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This article examines patterns in the integration of Hungarian and Romanian nouns as well as adjectives in the German dialect of the speech community of Palota, a German Sprachinsel in North-West-Romania. It centers on both inflectional and derivational noun and adjective morphologies and on how they act in the case of some more or less distantly linked contact languages. Based on a select amount of examples from first hand data and following standard code-mixing models like that of Muysken (2000) and Myers-Scotton’s (1993, 2002) mlf model, it achieves a typology of code-mixing morphology ranging from more matrix language-like, i.e. German-like to more embedded language-like, i.e. Hungarian- and Romanian-like patterns and bare forms, proposing an ongoing altering process in the local German dialect of Palota towards a fused lect (Auer 1998). In terms of linguistic complexity, this article asserts that this language shift process fosters morphology simplification in some domains, but also complexification in some other domains, bolstering the idea that languages in long-term intensive contact settings become linguistically more intricate (Trudgill, 2010, 2011; Fenyvesi, 2005; de Groot, 2005, 2008).