Publication details [#64692]

Forrest, James and Justine Dandy. 2018. Proficiency in English, linguistic shift and ethnic capital: an intergenerational analysis of non-English speaking background immigrant groups in Sydney, Australia. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 39 (2) : 111–123.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
London: Routledge


This study deals with discrepancies in linguistic shift compared with heritage language preservation in subsequent generations in Sydney, Australia’s largest ‘EthniCity’. It draws on Clyne and Kipp’s and Chiswick and Miller’s work on variations amid non-English speaking background (NESB) immigrant groups in proficiency with or sole use of spoken English in the first generation. It then collates this with an expansion of Borjas' work on ethnic capital to explore linguistic shift and heritage language preservation in the second and third generations.