Publication details [#65359]

Ravyse, Natasha. 2018. Against All Odds: The Survival of Fanagalo in South African Mines. Language Matters: Studies in the Languages of Africa 49 (1) : 3–24.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher


This study examines the position of language planning and policies targeting phasing out unofficial languages. In the South African mining industry context, Fanagalo has pursued to outlasted long-standing efforts to destroy its use via official language policy.