Publication details [#66222]

Loh, Ka Yee Elizabeth, Loretta C.W. Tam and Kwok-chang Lau. 2019. Moving between language frontiers: the challenges of the medium of instruction policy for Chinese as a second language. Language Policy 18 (3) : 131–153.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
Dordrecht: Springer


This paper examines the level to which the medium of instruction (MOI) policy in Hong Kong impacts ethnic minority students’ Chinese language learning in school among postcolonial policy changes, and how the “flexible” MOI policy impacts Chinese as a second language (CSL) frontline teaching in mainstream secondary schools regarding the three orientations to language planning, viz. language-as-problem, language-as-right, and language-as-resource (Ruiz 1984).