Publication details [#66661]

Oliver, Rhonda and Agurtzane Azkarai. 2019. Patterns of interaction and young ESL learners. What is the impact of proficiency and task type? Language Teaching for Young Learners 1 (1) : 82–102.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
John Benjamins
Journal DOI


Previous research carried out from a socio-cultural perspective has explored the way adult learners interact when undertaking tasks. Following the type of analysis initiated by Storch (2002), this study examined the patterns of interaction of young ESL learners (ages 9–12) of different English proficiency levels, high-intermediate (H) and low-intermediate (L) as they worked with native speakers (NS) (i.e., H/NS and L/NS pairs) to carry out a one-way and a two-way task. Once the patterns of interaction were determined, the study then explored the relationship between these patterns, the learners’ proficiency levels and the task type. The findings reveal that, regardless of proficiency, the child ESL learners engaged with the tasks and with each other, most often collaboratively, but also using other patterns interaction. However, the findings also suggest that task type and learner proficiency influenced the pattern of interactions that occurred.