Publication details [#67156]

Carrasco-Ortiz, Haydee, Mark Amengual and Stanislav Mulík. 2019. Phonological activation of first language (Spanish) and second language (English) when learning third language (Slovak) novel words. International Journal of Bilingualism 23 (5) : 1024–1040.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
SAGE Publications


This inquiry explores whether bilinguals activate lexical knowledge from both their dominant first language (L1; Spanish) and their less-dominant second language (L2; English) during novel third language (L3; Slovak) word learning. Moreover, it explores the extent to which L2 activation in L3 lexical learning depends on the level of L2 proficiency. This study contributes to the inquiry of the degree of language dominance and its implications for L3 lexical learning and parallel activation of multilinguals’ languages.