Publication details [#67177]

Vijver, Fons J. R. van de, Michael Bender, Athanasios Chasiotis and Betty Tjipta Sari. 2019. Contextualized bilingualism among adolescents from four different ethnic groups in Indonesia. International Journal of Bilingualism 23 (6) : 1469–1482.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Place, Publisher
SAGE Publications


This study was interested in group differences in Indonesia in bilingualism, whether vocabulary knowledge shows a differential pattern across the languages, and whether language skill and usage differences between groups are moderated by contextual factors, such as ethnic group size. It explored bilingualism among non-immigrant adolescents in an under-researched, non-WEIRD (western, educated, industrialized, rich, democratic) society. The study shows the role of language usage and skill that is different from a western context in various aspects, such as the dominance of L2 in all groups.