Publication details [#14384]

Kekelidze, Tamar and Guranda Kukuladze. 2019. Invisible metaphors. Humanities and Social Sciences Review 6 (2) : 207–212. 6 pp. URL
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Place, Publisher
Gyandhara International Academic Publications


The way humans conceive things reflects how we perceive them, and this is grounded in culture as well as experience. The fact of collectively programming the mind culture can be explained in terms of Hofstede’s five dimensions: 1) Power- Power Distance (PD); 2) Self- Individualism versus Collectivism (ID or IDV); 3) Gender- Masculinity versus Femininity (MAS); 4) Predictability- Uncertainty Avoidance (UA or UAI); 5)Time - Long versus Short-term Orientation (LTO). Depending on what extent of these dimensions occur (or not) within a given culture is the factor that conditions cultural diversity. This involves a type of diversity governed by comprehension and perception of the world in diverse cultures, mainly, perception of a metaphor through different constitutes of art, and consequently, understanding the whole idea of a piece of art. This research project, based on Lakoff and Johnson’s theory of metaphor, examines how the well-known metaphor ‘LIFE IS A JOURNEY’ is embedded and understood in diverse cultures as well as different constitutes of arts. This paper also focuses on finding the necessary means which would allow us to simplify the tracking down process of invisible metaphors. The sources that have been analysed here are the following ones: ``The Chrysanthemums'', a story by John Steinbeck, ``Repentance'', a film directed by Tengiz Abuladze, and ``The lovers'', a painting by Vincent Willem van Gogh.