Publication details [#1675]

Adair, Anya. 2013. Joy as a Metaphor for Volition: Old English and the Giving of Gifts. Notes and Queries 60 (3) : 343–349. 7 pp.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Place, Publisher
Oxford journals


The article focuses on the historical terminology for gift-giving, the religious aspects of gifts, and legal interpretations of gifts' validity in Ancient Scandinavia. It examines the use of the lexical items lustum and estum in terms of their function as pseudo-metaphors of volition in the Old English epic poem "Beowulf" and in other Old English texts.