Publication details [#6734]

Koch, Peter. 1999. Frame and contiguity: On the cognitive bases of metonymy and certain types of word formation. In Panther, Klaus-Uwe and Günter Radden. Metonymy in Language and Thought (Human Cognitive Processing series LC 99-23468). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 139–167. 29 pp.
Publication type
Article in book  
Publication language
Place, Publisher
Amsterdam: John Benjamins


Koch investigates metonymically-induced changes of meaning. He makes use of the conceptual networks provided by frame theory. Frames may be seen as conceptual gestalts and, in metonymic changes of meaning, a new sense is highlighted as the figure while the old sense serves as its ground within the frame. Figure/ground effects also account for the origin of metonymy in discourse. Koch distinguishes between three types of ad hoc metonymic innovation inducing a metonymic change: hearer-based inferential innovations such as the interpretation of 'fireplace' as "fire", speaker-based imprecise innovations such as the sense of "hip" for 'thigh,' and expressive innovations such as 'skull' for "head". (Klaus-Uwe Panther and Günter Radden)