Publication details [#976]

Swartzer, Steven. 2013. Appetitive besires and the fuss about fit. Philosophical Studies 165 (3) : 975–988. 14 pp.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Place, Publisher
Cham: Springer


According to the ‘direction of fit’ metaphor, cognitive states (e.g., beliefs) are to fit the world whereas the world is to fit motivational states (e.g., desires). Some cognitive mental states (e.g., moral beliefs), however, seem to be capable of being directly motivational, thus categorising them as besires. In an attempt to solve the disagreement between Humeans and motivational cognitivists as regards the existence of besires, this article examines a hypothesis about the nature of appetitive desires – (NEEDY) – arguing that is is committed to the existence of besires.