General semantics

Keith Allan
Table of contents

General semantics was a movement initiated by the work of Alfred Korzybski (1879–1950) in Science and sanity: An introduction to non-Aristotelian systems and general semantics (1933), propagated through the journal ETC., by Stuart Chase (1938, 1954), and probably best known to linguists from the work of S. I. Hayakawa (1949). Its aim is “The study and improvement of human evaluative processes with special emphasis on the relation to signs and symbols, including language” (Chase 1954: 128). Korzybski wrote:

Full-text access is restricted to subscribers. Log in to obtain additional credentials. For subscription information see Subscription & Price.


Ayer, A.J.
1946Language, truth and logic. Gollancz. Google Scholar
Bandler, R. & J. Grinder
1975The structure of magic, vol. 1. Science and Behavior Books. Google Scholar
1979Frogs into princes. Real People Press. Google Scholar
1982Reframing. Real People Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Bolinger, D.
1980Language, the loaded weapon. Longman.  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Chase, S.
1938The tyranny of words. Harcourt, Brace. Google Scholar
1954The power of words. Harcourt, Brace. Google Scholar
Grinder, J. & R. Bandler
1976The structure of magic, vol. 2. Science and Behavior Books. Google Scholar
Hayakawa, S.I.
1949Language in thought and action. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Korzybski, A.
1933Science and Sanity. International Non-Aristotelian Publishing Corporation.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Lutz, W.
1989Doublespeak. Harper & Row. Google Scholar
Lyons, J.
1977Semantics, vol. 1. Cambridge University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
O’connor, J. & J. Seymour
1990Introducing neuro-linguistic programming. Crucible Press. Google Scholar
Paulson, R.E.
1987Language, science, and action. Greenwood Press. Google Scholar