Artificial intelligence

Steven Gillis, Walter DaelemansKoenraad De Smedt
Table of contents

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science in which methods and techniques are developed that permit intelligent computer systems to be built. These systems allow the synthesis of different aspects of human and animal cognition: perception, action, communication, problem solving, and learning. We will not be concerned here with the question whether these systems are really intelligent; this is a controversial philosophical issue (see e.g. Copeland 1993; Searle 1984; Pylyshyn 1984; Harnad 1989; Hayes et al. 1992). The meaningful use of a natural language in order to communicate is considered to be a task requiring intelligence, even if the ability of people to speak and understand everyday language were not related to other cognitive abilities.

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