Valentina Bambini
Table of contents

Neurolinguistics is the study of language–brain relations. Its final goal is the comprehension and explanation of the neural bases for language knowledge and use. Neurolinguistics is by its nature an interdisciplinary enterprise, and straddles the borders between linguistics and other disciplines that are connected to the study of the mind/brain (mainly cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience). When approached from the point of view of the neurosciences, neurolinguistics focuses on how the brain behaves in language processes, both in healthy and pathological conditions; conversely, from a linguistics standpoint, neurolinguistics aims at clarifying how language structures can be instantiated in the brain, i.e. how patterns and rules exhibited in human languages are represented and grounded in the brain. In addition, neurolinguistics has a fundamental clinical impact for assessment and treatment of patients suffering from aphasia and other language pathologies.

Full-text access is restricted to subscribers. Log in to obtain additional credentials. For subscription information see Subscription & Price.


Abutalebi, J., M. Tettamanti and D. Perani
2009“The bilingual brain: Linguistic and non-linguistic skills.” Brain and Language 109: 51–54. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ahlsén, E.
2006Introduction to Neurolinguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ansari, D.
2012“Culture and education: New frontiers in brain plasticity.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16: 93–95. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ball, M. J., M. R. Perkins, N. Muller and S. Howard
(eds) 2008The Handbook of Clinical Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bambini, V.
2010“Neuropragmatics: A foreword.” Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 22: 1–20.Google Scholar
(ed) 2010“Neuropragmatics.” Special issue, Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 22.Google Scholar
Bambini, V., C. Gentili, E. Ricciardi, P. M. Bertinetto and P. Pietrini
2011“Decomposing metaphor processing at the cognitive and neural level through functional magnetic resonance imaging.” Brain Research Bulletin 86: 203–216. DOI logo  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Bara, B. G. and A. Ciaramidaro
2010“Intentions in the brain.” Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 22: 89–105.Google Scholar
Bastiaansen, M. and P. Hagoort
2006“Oscillatory neuronal dynamics during language comprehension.” Progress in Brain Research 159: 179–196. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bates, E. and F. Dick
2000“Beyond phrenology: Brain and language in the next millennium.” Brain and Language 71: 18–21. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bear, M. F., B. W. Connors and M. A. Paradiso
2006Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
Binder, J. R., R. H. Desai, W. W. Graves and L. L. Conant
2009“Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 functional neuroimaging studies.” Cerebral Cortex 19: 2767–2796. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bogen, J. E. and G. M. Bogen
1976“Wernicke's region–where is it?” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 280: 834–843. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bookheimer, S. Y.
2002“Functional MRI of language: New approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processing.” Annual Review of Neuroscience 25: 151–188. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bornkessel, I. and M. Schlesewsky
2006“The extended argument dependency model: A neurocognitive approach to sentence comprehension across languages.” Psychological Review 113: 787–821. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I. and M. Schlesewsky
2008“An alternative perspective on ‘semantic p600’ effects in language comprehension.” Brain Research Reviews 59: 55–73. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bozic, M. and W. Marslen-Wilson
2010“Neurocognitive contexts for morphological complexity: Dissociating inflection and derivation.” Language and Linguistics Compass 4: 1063–1073. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brauer, J., A. Anwander and A. D. Friederici
2011“Neuroanatomical prerequisites for language functions in the maturing brain.” Cerebral Cortex 21: 459–466. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bressler, S. L. and V. Menon
2010“Large-scale brain networks in cognition: Emerging methods and principles.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14: 277–290. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Broca, P.
1861a“Perte de la parole, ramollissement chronique et destruction partielle du lobe antérieur gauche du cerveau.” Bulletin de la Societe d’Anthropologie 62: 235–238.Google Scholar
1861b“Remarques sur le siege de la faculte du langage articule, suivies d'une observation d'aphemie (Perte de la Parole).” Bulletins et mémoires de la Société Anatomique de Paris 6: 330–357.Google Scholar
1861c“Nouvelle observation d'aphemie produite par une lesion de la troisieme circonvolution frontale.” Bulletin de la Société Anatomique de Paris, 2e série 6: 398–407.Google Scholar
Brodmann, K.
1909Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre des Grosshirnrinde. Leipzig: Barth.Google Scholar
Cacioppo, J. T., G. L. Tassinary and G. G. Berntson
(eds) 2007Handbook of Psychophysiology (3rd ed). New York: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Capitani, E., M. Laiacona, B. Mahon and A. Caramazza
2003“What are the facts of semantic category-specific deficits? A critical review of the clinical evidence.” Cognitive Neuropsychology 20: 213–261. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cappa, S. F.
2012“Imaging semantics and syntax.” NeuroImage 61: 427–431. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2006“Brain imaging: Useful, helpful, beneficial?” Cortex 42: 396–398. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Caramazza, A., R. Capasso, E. Capitani and G. Miceli
2005“Patterns of comprehension performance in agrammatic Broca’s aphasia. A test of the trace deletion hypothesis.” Brain and Language 94: 43–53. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Caramazza, A. and E. B. Zurif
1976“Dissociation of algorithmic and heuristic processes in language comprehension: Evidence from aphasia.” Brain and Language 3: 572–582. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Carreiras, M. and C. Clifton Jr
(eds) 2004The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension: Eyetracking, ERP, and beyond. Brighton, UK: Psychology Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Catani, M. and D. H. Ffytche
2005“The rises and falls of disconnection syndromes.” Brain 128: 2224–2239. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Catani, M. and M. Mesulam
2008“The arcuate fasciculus and the disconnection theme in language and aphasia: History and current state.” Cortex 44: 953–961. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Catani, M., D. K. Jones and D. H. Ffytche
2005“Perisylvian language networks of the human brain.” Annals of Neurology 57: 8–16. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Coulson, S.
2007“Electrifying results: ERP data and cognitive linguistics.” In Methods in Cognitive Linguistics, ed. by M. Gonzalez-Marquez, I. Mittelberg, S. Coulson. and M. Spivey, 400–423. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Coulson, S. and C. Van Petten
2002“Conceptual integration and metaphor: An event-related potential study.” Memory and Cognition 30: 958–968. DOI logo  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Coulson, S., J. W. King and M. Kutas
1998“ERPs and domain specificity: Beating a straw horse.” Language and Cognitive Processes 13: 653–672. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Damasio, A. R. and D. Tranel
1993“Nouns and verbs are retrieved with differently distributed neural systems.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90: 4957–60. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dapretto, M. and S. Y. Bookheimer
1999“Form and content: Dissociating syntax and semantics in sentence comprehension.” Neuron 24: 427–32. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
David, O., J. M. Kilner and K. J. Friston
2006“Mechanisms of evoked and induced responses in MEG/EEG.” NeuroImage 31: 1580–1591. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dehaene, S., F. Pegado, L. W. Braga, P. Ventura, G. Nunes Filho, A. Jobert, G. Dehaene-Lambertz, R. Kolinsky, J. Morais and L. Cohen
2010“How learning to read changes the cortical networks for vision and language.” Science 330: 1359–1364. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dejerine, J.
1891“Sur un cas de cecite verbale avec agraphie, suivi d'autopsie.” Mémoires de la Société Biologique 3: 197–201.Google Scholar
Démonet, J. S., G. Thierry and D. Cardebat
2005“Renewal of the neurophysiology of language: Functional neuroimaging.” Physiological Reviews 85: 49–95. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Di Pellegrino, G., L. Fadiga, L. Fogassi, V. Gallese and G. Rizzolatti
1992“Understanding motor Events: A neurophysiological study.” Experimental Brain Research 91: 176–180. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Donders, F. C.
1868“Die Schnelligkeit psychischer Prozesse.” Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin: 657–681.Google Scholar
Dronkers, N. F.
2000“The pursuit of brain-language relationships.” Brain and Language 71: 59–61. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dronkers, N. F., O. Plaisant, M. T. Iba-Zizen and E. A. Cabanis
2007“Paul Broca's historic cases: High resolution MR imaging of the brains of Leborgne and Lelong.” Brain 130: 1432–41. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Embick, D., A. Marantz, Y. Miyashita, W. O'neil and K. L. Sakai
2000“A syntactic specialization for broca's area.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 97: 6150–6154. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Enrici, I., M. Adenzato, S. Cappa, B. G. Bara and M. Tettamanti
2011“Intention processing in communication: A common brain network for language and gestures.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23: 2415–2431. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fadiga, L., L. Craighero, G. Buccino and G. Rizzolatti
2002“Speech listening specifically modulates the excitability of tongue muscles: A TMS study.” The European Journal of Neuroscience 15: 399–402. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ferstl, E. C.
2010“Neuroimaging of text comprehension: Where are we now ?” Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 22: 61–88.Google Scholar
Friederici, A. D.
2002“Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6: 78–84. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2004“Event-related brain potential studies in language.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 4: 466–470. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2011“The brain basis of language processing: From structure to function.” Physiological Reviews 91: 1357–92. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Friston, K. J.
2003“Functional integration in the brain.” In Human Brain Function (2nd ed.), ed. by R. S. J. Frackowiak, K. J. Friston, C. Frith, R. Dolan, K. J. Friston, C. J. Price, S. Zeki, J. Ashburner and W. D. Penny, 971–997. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Friston, K. J., C. J. Price, C. Buchel and R. S. J. Frackowiak
1997“A Taxonomy of Study Design.” In Human Brain Function, ed. by R. S. J. Frackowiak, K. J. Friston, C. Frith, R. Dolan and J. C. Mazziotta, 141–159. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Frith, C. D. and U. Frith
2006“The neural basis of mentalizing.” Neuron 50: 531–534. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gallese, V.
2007“Before and below ‘theory of mind’: Embodied simulation and the neural correlates of social cognition.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London – Series B: Biological Sciences 362: 659–669. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
GalleseV., L. Fadiga, L. Fogassi and G. Rizzolatti
1996“Action recognition in the premotor cortex.” Brain 119: 593–609. DOI logo  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Gazzaniga, M. S. and R. W. Sperry
1967“Language after section of the cerebral commissures.” Brain 90: 131–148. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gazzaniga, M. S., R. B. Ivry and G. R. Mangun
2002Cognitive neuroscience: The biology of mind (2nd ed.). London: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
Geschwind, N.
1965“Disconnexion syndromes in animals and man.” Brain 88: 237–294. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Geschwind, N. and W. Levitsky
1968“Human brain: Left-right asymmetries in temporal speech region.” Science 161: 186–187. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Giraud, A.-L. and D. Poeppel
2012“Cortical oscillations and speech processing: Emerging computational principles and operations.” Nature Neuroscience 15: 511–517. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Golestani, N., C. J. Price and S. K. Scott
2011“Born with an ear for dialects? structural plasticity in the expert phonetician brain.” Journal of Neuroscience 31: 4213–4220. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Goodglass, H. and E. Kaplan
1972The assessment of aphasia and related disorders. Philadelphia, PA: Lea and Febiger.Google Scholar
Gorno-Tempini, M. L., A. E. Hillis, S. Weintraub, A. Kertesz, M. Mendez, S. F. Cappa, J. M. Ogar et al.
2011“Classification of primary progressive aphasia and its variants.” Neurology 76: 1006–1014. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grimaldi, M.
2012“Toward a neural theory of language: Old issues and new perspectives.” Journal of Neurolinguistics 25: 1–24. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grodzinsky, Y.
2000“The neurology of syntax: Language use without broca's area.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 1–21. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grodzinsky, Y. and K. Amunts
(eds) 2006Broca's region. New York: Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grossman, M.
2008“Language in dementia.” In Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language, ed. by B. Stemmer and H. A. Whitaker, 279–287. Cambridge, MA: Elsevier. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hagoort, P.
2000“What we hall know only tomorrow.” Brain and Language 71: 89–92. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2005“On broca, brain, and binding: A new framework.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9: 416–423. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hagoort, P. and J. Van Berkum
2007“Beyond the sentence given.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 362: 801–811. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hickok, G.
2008“Eight problems for the mirror neuron theory of action understanding in monkeys and humans.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 21: 1229–1243. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2009“The functional neuroanatomy of language.” Physics of Life Reviews 6: 121–143. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hickok, G. and D. Poeppel
2007“The cortical organization of speech processing.” Nature Reviews Neuroscience 8: 393–402. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hillis, A. E.
2007“Aphasia: Progress in the last quarter of a century.” Neurology 69: 200–213. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jakobson, R.
1941Kindersprache, aphasie und allgemeine lautgesetze. Språkvetenskapliga Sällskapets i Uppsala Förhandlingar, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet. (English translation: Child Language, Aphasia and Phonological Universals. The Hague and Paris: Mouton, 1968.Google Scholar
Joanette, Y. and S. L. Small
(eds) 2000Brain and language in the next millennium. Special issue, Brain and Language 71.Google Scholar
Joanette, Y., P. Goulet and D. Hannequin
1990Right hemisphere and verbal communication. New York: Springer-Verlag. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kandel, E. R., J. H. Schwartz and T. M. Jessell
(eds) 2000Principles of neural science, (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Kluender, R. and M. Kutas
1993“Subjacency as a processing phenomenon.” Language and Cognitive Processes 8: 573–633. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kutas, M.
2006“One lesson learned: Frame language processing–literal and figurative–as a Human Brain Function.” Metaphor and Symbol 21: 285–325. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kutas, M. and S. A. Hillyard
1980“Reading senseless sentences: Brain potentials reflect semantic incongruity.” Science 207: 203–205. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lau, E., C. Phillips and D. Poeppel
2008“A cortical network for semantics: (De)constructing the N400.” Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9: 920–33. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Laudanna, A.
(ed.) 2002Noun and verbs. Special issue, Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 14.Google Scholar
Lichtheim, L.
1885“On aphasia.” Brain 7: 433–484. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lindell, A. K.
2006“In your right mind: Right hemisphere contributions to language processing and production.” Neuropsychology Review 16: 131–148. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lingnau, A., B. Gesierich and A. Caramazza
2009“Asymmetric fMRI adaptation reveals no evidence for mirror neurons in humans.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 9925–9930. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marangolo, P., F. Piras, G. Galati and C. Burani
2006“Functional anatomy of derivational morphology.” Cortex 42: 1093–1106. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Martin, A.
2007“The representation of object concepts in the brain.” Annual Review of Psychology 58: 25–45. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Martin, A. and L. L. Chao
2001“Semantic memory and the brain: Structure and processes.” Current Opinion in Neurobiology 11: 194–201. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Martin, I. and S. Mcdonald
2003“Weak coherence, no theory of mind, or executive dysfunction? Solving the puzzle of pragmatic language disorders.” Brain and Language 85: 451–466. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mason, R. A. and M. A. Just
2006“Neuroimaging contributions to the understanding of discourse processes.” In Handbook of Psycholinguistics, (2nd ed.), ed. by M. Traxler and M. A. Gernsbacher, 765–799. Amsterdam: Elsevier. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mathews, P., L. Obler and M. Albert
1994“Wernicke and alzheimer on the language disturbances of aphasia and dementia.” Brain and Language 46: 439–462. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mejía-Constaín, B., O. Monchi, N. Walter, M. Arsenault, N. Senhadji and J. Joanette
2010“When metaphors go literally beyond their territories: The impact of age on figurative language.” Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 22: 41–60.Google Scholar
Mesulam, M. M.
1990“Large-scale neurocognitive networks and distributed processing for attention, language, and memory.” Annals of Neurology 28: 597–613. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Monti, M. M., L. M. Parsons and D. N. Osherson
2009“The boundaries of language and thought in deductive inference.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 12554–12559. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Moro, A., M. Tettamanti, D. Perani, C. Donati, S. F. Cappa and F. Fazio
2001“Syntax and the brain: Disentangling grammar by selective anomalies.” NeuroImage 13: 110–118. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Musso, M., A. Moro, V. Glauche, M. Rijntjes, J. Reichenbach, C. Buchel and C. Weiller
2003“Broca's area and the language instinct.” Nature Neuroscience 6: 774–781. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ni, W., R. T. Constable, W. E. Mencl, K. R. Pugh, R. K. Fulbright, S. E. Shaywitz, B. A. Shaywitz, J. C. Gore and D. Shankweiler
2000“An event-related neuroimaging study distinguishing form and content in sentence processing.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12: 120–133. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Obler, L. and K. Gjerlow
1999Language and the Brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Osterhout, L. and P. Hagoort
1999“A superficial resemblence does not necessarily mean you are part of the family: Counterarguments to coulson, king and kutas (1998) in the P600/SPS-P300 debate.” Language and Cognitive Processes 14: 1–14. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Papagno, C. and L. Romero Lauro
2010“The neural basis of idiom processing: Neuropsychological, neurophysiological and neuroimaging evidence.” Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 22: 21–40.Google Scholar
Paradis, M.
(ed.) 1998Pragmatics in neurogenic communications disorders. Oxford: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
Patterson, K., P. J. Nestor and T. T. Rogers
2007“Where do you know what you know? The representation of semantic knowledge in the human brain.” Nature Reviews Neuroscience 8 (12): 976–987. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Perani, D.
2008“Functional neuroimaging of cognition.” In Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 88 (3rd series): Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology, ed. by G. Goldenberg and B. L. Miller, 61–111. London: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Perani, D., T. Schnur, M. Tettamanti, M. Gorno-Tempini, S. F. Cappa and F. Fazio
1999“Word and picture matching: A PET study of semantic category effects.” Neuropsychologia 37: 293–306. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Petersen, S. E., P. T. Fox, M. I. Posner, M. Mintun and M. E. Raichle
1988“Positron emission tomographic studies of the cortical anatomy of single-word processing.” Nature 331: 585–589. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Picton, T. W., S. Bentin, P. Berg, E. Donchin, S. A. Hillyard, R. Johnson, G. A. Miller, W. Ritter, D. S. Ruchkin, M. D. Rugg and M. J. Taylor
2000“Guidelines for using human event-related potentials to study cognition: Recording standards and publication criteria.” Psychophysiology 37: 127–152. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Poeppel, D. and D. Embick
2005“Defining the relation between linguistics and neuroscience.” In Twenty-First Century Psycholinguistics: Four Cornerstones, ed. by A. Cutler, 103–118. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Price, C. J.
2010“The anatomy of language: A review of 100 fMRI studies published in 2009.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191: 62–88. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2012“A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading.” NeuroImage 62: 816–47. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Price, C. J., C. J. Moore and K. J. Friston
1997“Subtractions, conjunctions, and interactions in experimental design of activation studies.” Human Brain Mapping 5: 264–272. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pulvermüller, F.
2012“Meaning and the brain: The neurosemantics of referential, interactive, and combinatorial knowledge.” Journal of Neurolinguistics 25: 423–459. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rasmussen, T. and B. Milner
1977“The role of early left-brain injury in determining lateralization of cerebral speech functions.” Annals New York Academy of Sciences 299: 355–369. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Regel, S., T. C. Gunter and A. D. Friederici
2011“Isn't it ironic? An electrophysiological exploration of figurative language processing.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23: 277–293. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schumacher, P. B.
2011“The hepatitis called …: Electrophysiological evidence for enriched composition.” In Experimental Pragmatics/Semantics, ed. by J. Meibauer and M. Steinbach, 199–219. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2012“Context in neurolinguistics: Time-course data from electrophysiology.” In What is a Context? Linguistic Approaches and Challenges, ed. by R. Finkbeiner, J. Meibauer and P. B. Schumacher, 33–53. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Scott, S. K.
2012“The neurobiology of speech perception and production–Can functional imaging tell us anything we did not already know?” Journal of Communication Disorders. DOI DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shapiro, K. A., R. M. Lauren and A. Caramazza
2006“Cortical signatures of noun and verb production.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 103: 1644–1649. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stemmer, B.
2008“Neuropragmatics, disorders and neural systems.” In Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language, ed. by B. Stemmer and H. A. Whitaker, 367–379. Cambridge, MA: Elsevier. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stemmer, B. and J. F. Connolly
2011“The EEG/ERP technologies in linguistic research: An essay on the advantages they offer and a survey of their purveyors.” The Mental Lexicon 6: 141–170. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stemmer, B. and H. A. Whitaker
(eds) 2008Handbook of the neuroscience of language. Cambridge, MA: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Stine-Morrow, E. A. L. and M. C. Shake
2009“Language in aged persons.” In New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, ed. by L. Squire, 337–342. New York: Elsevier. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stowe, L. A., M. Haverkort and F. Zwarts
2005“Rethinking the neurological basis of language.” Lingua 115: 997–1042. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Swinney, D.
1999“Aphasia.” In The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences, ed. by R. Wilson and F. Keil, 31–32. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tettamanti, M. and A. Moro, A.
2012“Can syntax appear in a mirror (system)?” Cortex 48: 923–935. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tettamanti, M. and D. Perani
2012“The neurobiology of structure-dependency in natural language grammar.” In The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language, ed. by M. Faust, 229–251, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tettamanti, M., H. Alkadhi, A. Moro, D. Perani, S. Kollias and D. Weniger
2002“Neural correlates for the acquisition of natural language syntax.” NeuroImage 17: 700–709. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tettamanti, M., I. Rotondi, D. Perani, G. Scotti, F. Fazio, S. F. Cappa and A. Moro
2009“Syntax without language: Neurobiological evidence for cross-domain syntactic computations.” Cortex 45: 825–838. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tompkins, C. A.
1995Right hemisphere communication disorders: Theory and management. San Diego: Singular. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Trousseau, A.
1864“De l'aphasie, maladie d'écrite récemment sous le nom impropre d'aphémie.” Gazette des Hôpitaux Civils et Militaires 1: 13–14.Google Scholar
Ullman, M. T.
2001“A neurocognitive perspective on language: The declarative/procedural model.” Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2: 717–726. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van Berkum, J., P. Zwitserlood, C. M. Brown and P. Hagoort
2003“When and how do listener relate a sentence to the wider discourse? Evidence from the N400 effect.” Cognitive Brain Research 17: 701–718. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van Lancker Sidtis, D.
2006“Does functional neuroimaging solve the questions of neurolinguistics?” Brain and Language 98: 276–90. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van Overwalle, F.
2009“Social cognition and the brain: A meta-analysis.” Human Brain Mapping 30: 829–858. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Vigliocco, G., D. P. Vinson, J. Druks, H. Barber and S. F. Cappa
2011“Nouns and verbs in the brain: A review of behavioural, electrophysiological, neuropsychological and imaging studies.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 35: 407–426. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wallentin, M.
2009“Putative sex differences in verbal abilities and language cortex: A critical review.” Brain and Language 108: 175–183. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wernicke, C.
1874Der aphasische symptomencomplex. Eine psychologische studie auf anatomischer basisBreslau: Cohn und Weigart.Google Scholar
Whitaker, H. A.
1985“Editorial statement.” Journal of Neurolinguistics 1: 1–6. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wlotko, E. W., C.-L. Lee and K. D. Federmeier
2010“Language of the aging brain: Event-related potential studies of comprehension in older adults.” Language and Linguistics Compass 4: 623–638. DOI logoGoogle Scholar