Symbolic interactionism

Rod Watson
Table of contents

The approach which came to be known as ‘symbolic interactionism’ (SI) was first articulated by the philosopher George Herbert Mead at the University of Chicago from 1893 to 1931. Mead elaborated the philosophical underpinnings of a social psychology which was founded both upon earlier and upon contemporaneous behaviorist and pragmatist thought, notably that of John Dewey. This intention is, perhaps, somewhat ironic considering the criticisms by later practitioners in the social and linguistic disciplines that SI was both subjective and unscientific.

Full-text access is restricted to subscribers. Log in to obtain additional credentials. For subscription information see Subscription & Price.


Becker, H. S.
1962Outsiders. Free Press. Google Scholar
Blumer, H.
1969Symbolic interactionism. Prentice-Hall. Google Scholar
1972Action versus interaction. Society (formerly Trans-Action). Google Scholar
Burke, K.
1965Permanence and change. Bobbs-Merrill Co. Google Scholar
Garfinkel, H.
1952The perception of the other. PhD. Diss. Harvard University. Google Scholar
Goffman, E.
1958The presentation of self in everyday life. Doubleday Anchor. Google Scholar
1963Stigma. Prentice-Hall. Google Scholar
1981Forms of talk. Basil Blackwell. Google Scholar
Gordon, C. & K. J. Gergen
(eds.) 1968The self in social interaction. Wiley. Google Scholar
Hughes, E. C.
1974The sociological eye. University of Chicago Press. Google Scholar
Lindesmith, A. R., A. L. Strauss & N. K. Denzin
1975Social psychology, 5th ed. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Google Scholar
Manis, J. G. & B. N. Meltzer
(eds.) 1967Symbolic interaction. Allyn and Bacon. Google Scholar
Marcarino, A.
1988Sociologia dell’azione comunicativa. Guida Editoria. Google Scholar
Mead, G. H.
1934Mind, self and society. University of Chicago Press. Google Scholar
Polsky, N.
1969Hustlers, beats and others. Doubleday Anchor. Google Scholar
Rose, A. M.
(ed.) 1962Human behavior and social processes. Routledge & Kegan Paul. Google Scholar
Schegloff, E. A., G. Jefferson & H. Sacks
1977The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation. Language 53: 361–382. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Strauss, A. L.
1969Mirrors and masks(5th ed.). The Sociology Press. Google Scholar
(ed.) 1964George Herbert Mead and social psychology. Phoenix Books. Google Scholar
Trifiletti, R.
1991L’identità controversa. Dott, Antonio Milani. Google Scholar
Verhoeven, J. C.
1993An interview with Erving Goffman, 1980. Research on Language and Social Interaction 26(3): 317–348. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Watson, R.
1989Le travail de l’incongruité. In I. Joseph (ed.) Le parler frais d’Erving Goffman: 83–99. Minuit. Google Scholar
Weinberg, T. S.
1983Gay men, gay selves. Irvington Publ. Inc. Google Scholar