In the dawn of the twenty-first century, interactional linguistics was recognized as a new, internationally emerging direction in the field of linguistics. While most adherents of this direction are heavily influenced by the methodology of conversation analysis (CA), interactional linguists have backgrounds in and orientations to a diversity of traditions, including discourse analysis, (interactional) sociolinguistics, anthropological linguistics, (discourse) functional linguistics, construction grammar, and grammaticalization theory. It is thus fair to say that interactional linguistics is interdisciplinary within linguistics but also connected to other sciences, in the first place sociology (Selting & Couper-Kuhlen 2001). The unifying perspective is to describe linguistic structures and meanings as they serve social goals in naturally occurring spoken, in a broad sense, conversational language, viz. ‘talk-in-interaction’. In this perspective, linguistic structures are seen as resulting from the practical needs of (repeated) interaction(s) as well as giving form to (particular) interaction(s), thus providing a trajectory of an on-going interaction for the speakers. From the point of view of pragmatics, research in interactional linguistics contributes to an empirically based understanding of language use and the dependency of linguistic form on social action, and vice versa.
1996Prosody in conversation. In Couper-KuhlenE. & M. Selting (eds.) . Cambridge University Press.
2005Projection in interaction and projection in grammar. Text 25: 7–36. BoP
Chafe, W. & J. Danielewicz
1987Properties of spoken and written language. In HorowitzR. & S.J. Samuels (eds.) Comprehending oral and written language: 83–113. Academic Press.
2003Discourse and grammar. In M. Tomasello (ed.) The new psychology of language, vol. 2: Cognitive and functional approaches to language structure: 47–87. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ford, C.E. & S.A. Thompson
1996Interactional units in conversation: Syntactic, intonational, and pragmatic resources for the management of turns. In E. Ochset al. (eds.) Interaction and grammar: 134–184. Cambridge University Press.
Ford, C.E., B.A. Fox & S.A. Thompson
2002aThe language of turn and sequence. Oxford University Press.
Ford, C.E.B.A. Fox & S.A. Thompson
2002bConstituency and the grammar of turn increments. In C.E. Ford (eds.). The language of turn and sequence: 14–38. Oxford University Press.
Fox, B.A. & R. Jasperson
1995A syntactic exploration of repair in English conversation. In P.W. Davis (ed.). Alternative linguistics. Descriptive and theoretical modes: 77–134. Benjamins.
1981Conversational organization: Interaction between speakers and hearers. Academic Press. BoP
1982Discourse strategies. Cambridge University Press.
1996From subordination to coordination? Verb-second position in German causal and concessive constructions. Pragmatics 6323–370. BoP
Hakulinen, A. & M. Selting
2005Syntax and lexis in conversation. Benjamins. BoP
Helasvuo, M. -L.
2001Syntax in the making: the emergence of syntactic units in Finnish conversation. Benjamins.
1998Emergent grammar. In M. Tomasello (ed.). The new psychology of language: Cognitive and functional approaches to language structure: 155–175. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hopper, P.J. & S.A. Thompson
1984The discourse basis for lexical categories in universal grammar. Language 60: 703–751.
Kelly, J. & J. Local
1989Doing phonology. Manchester University Press. BoP
1997Demonstratives in interaction: The emergence of a definite article in Finnish. Benjamins. BoP
1999Language as social action. Grammar, prosody, and interaction in Swedish conversation,. Diss. Uppsala.
2006Grammar in the service of interaction: Exploring turn organization in Swedish. Research in Language and Social Interaction 3981–117. BoP
2004On some principles of a dialogical grammar. In K. Aijmer (ed.). Dialogue Analysis VIII. Understanding and misunderstanding in dialogue: 7–23. Niemeyer.
2005The written language bias in linguistics. Its nature, origins and transformations. Routledge. BoP
Mazeland, H. & M. Huiskes
2005Dutch ‘but’ as a sequential conjunction: Its use as a resumption marker. In M. Selting & E. Couper-Kuhlen (eds.) Studies in interactional linguistics: 141–169. Benjamins.
Ochs, E.E.A. Schegloff & S.A. Thompson
1996Interaction and grammar. Cambridge University Press.
Ogden, R., A. Hakulinen & L. Tainio
2004Indexing ’no news’ with stylization in Finnish. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & C.E. Ford (eds.) Sound patterns in interaction: 299–334. Benjamins. BoP
Östman, J. -O.
1981You know. A discourse functional approach. Benjamins.
1984Agreeing and disagreeing with assesments. In J.M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (eds.) Structures of social action: 57–101. Cambridge University Press. BoP
Sacks, H., E. Schegloff & G. Jefferson
1974A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50696–735. BoP
1979The relevance of repair for syntax-for-conversation. In T. Givon (ed.). Syntax and semantics 12. Discourse and syntax: 261–288. Academic Press.
1996Turn organization: one intersection of grammar and interaction. In E. Ochs (eds.) Interaction and grammar: 52–133. Cambridge University Press. BoP
Schegloff, E., G. Jefferson & H. Sacks
1977The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation. Language 53:361–382. BoP
Schieffelin, B. & E. Ochs
(eds.)1986Language socialization across cultures. Cambridge University Press. BoP
1987Discourse markers. Cambridge University Press. BoP
1996On the interplay of syntax and prosody in the construction of turn constructional units and turns in conversation. Pragmatics 6: 357–388. BoP
2000The construction of units in conversational talk. Language in Society 29: 477–517. BoP
Selting, M. & E. Couper-Kuhlen
(eds.)2001Studies in interactional linguistics. Benjamins. BoP
Sorjonen, M. -L.
2001Responding in conversation: A study of response particles in Finnish. Benjamins.
2001Notes on turn-construction methods in Danish and Turkish conversation. In M. Selting & E. Couper-Kuhlen (eds.)259–286. Studies in interactional linguistics : Benjamins.
1999Turn-taking in Japanese conversation: A study in grammar and interaction. Benjamins. BoP
1984Conversational style: Analyzing talk among friends. Ablex. BoP