The term prosody is current both in the fields of literature and of linguistics. In literary studies it is used to refer to the metrical analysis of verse, while in linguistics its denotation encompasses not only stress- and accent-related phenomena in language use, but also diverse types of melodic or pitch-related, and dynamic or loudness-related speech modulation. In addition, it is used for the temporal manipulation of syllables and segments – whether with respect to their duration (stretching and clipping) or with respect to their timing (rhythm and rate of speech). Prosodic features create auditory effects in spoken language above and beyond those which identify the sound segments themselves. They are in one sense distinct to speech, but of course also virtually present in many written forms of verbal communication.
(eds.)1984Structures of Social Action. Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge University Press. BoP
1986Kontextualisierung. Studium Linguistik 19: 22–47. BoP
Auer, P. & A. Di Luzio
(eds.)1992The Contextualization of Language. John Benjamins. BoP
Auer, P., E. Couper-Kuhlen & F. Müller
1999Language in Time: The Rhythm and Tempo of Spoken Interaction. Oxford University Press. BoP
1965The atomization of meaning. Language 41: 555–573. BoP
1961Generality, gradience and the all or none. Mouton.
1972aAccent is predictable (if you’re a mind-reader). Language 48(3): 633–44. BoP
1972bAround the edge of language: Intonation. In D. Bolinger (ed.) Intonation. Selected readings: 19–29. Penguin.
1986Intonation and its Parts. Stanford University Press. BoP
Brazil, D., M. Coulthard & C. Johns
1980Discourse Intonation and Language Teaching. Longman. BoP
(ed.)1980The Pear Stories: Cognitive, Cultural, and Linguistic Aspects of Narrative Production. Ablex. BoP
1993Prosodic and functional units of language. In J.A. Edwards & M.D. Lampert (eds.): 33–43.
1983Intonatorische Kohäsion: Eine makroprosodische Untersuchung. Zeitschrift für Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft 49: 74–100.
1986An Introduction to English Prosody. Edward Arnold & Max Niemeyer.
1992Contextualizing discourse: The prosody of interactive repair. In P. Auer & A. Di Luzio (eds.): 337–364. BoP
1993English Speech Rhythm: Form and function in everyday verbal interaction. John Benjamins. BoP
1996aIntonation and clause combining in discourse: The case of ‘because’. Pragmatics 6: 389–426. BoP
1996bThe prosody of repetition: On quoting and mimicry. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & M. Selting (eds.): 366–405.
2001Interactional prosody: High onsets in reason-for-the-call turns. Language in Society 30(1): 29–53. BoP
Couper-Kuhlen, E. & M. Selting
1996Towards an interactional perspective on prosody and a prosodic perspective on interaction. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & M. Selting (eds.): 11–56.
Couper-Kuhlen, E. & M. Selting
(eds.)1996Prosody in Conversation. Interactional studies. Cambridge University Press. BoP
Couper-Kuhlen, E. & S.A. Thompson
1999On the concessive relation in conversational English. In F.-W. Neumann & S. Schuelting (eds.) Anglistentag 1998 Erfurt: 29–39. Wissenschaftlicher Verlag.
1997Intonation, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press. BoP
1969Prosodic Systems and Intonation in English. Cambridge University Press.
1975The English Tone of Voice. Edward Arnold.
Du Bois, J.W., S. Schuetze-Coburn, D. Paolino & S. Cumming
1992Discourse Transcription. Santa Barbara Papers in Linguistics 4: 1–225.
Du Bois, J.W., S. Schuetze-Coburn, S. Cumming & D. Paolino
1993Outline of discourse transcription. In J.A. Edwards & M.D. Lampert (eds.): 45–89. Lawrence Erlbaum.
Edwards, J.A. & M.D. Lampert
(eds.)1993Talking Data: Transcription and coding methods for language research. Lawrence Erlbaum.
1957Sounds and prosodies. In Papers in Linguistics 1934–1951. Oxford University Press.
1993Grammar in Interaction. Cambridge University Press.
2000The treatment of contrasts in interaction. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & B. Kortmann (eds.) Cause, Condition, Contrast, Concession: Cognitive and discourse perspectives: 283–311. Mouton de Gruyter.
Ford, C.E. & S.A. Thompson
1996Interactional units in conversation: syntactic, intonational, and pragmatic resources for the management of turns. In E. Ochs, E.A. Schegloff, & S.A. Thompson (eds.): 134–184.
Ford, C.E., B.A. Fox & S.A. Thompson
1996Practices in the construction of turns: the ‘TCU’ revisited. Pragmatics 6: 427–454.
1987Discourse Structure and Anaphora. Cambridge University Press. BoP
Fox, B.A., M. Hayashi & R. Jasperson
1996Resources and repair: A cross-linguistic study of syntax and repair. In E. Ochs, E.A. Schegloff, & S.A. Thompson (eds.): 185–237.
Fox, B.A. & R. Jasperson
1995A syntactic exploration of repair in English conversation. In P.W. Davis (ed.) Alternative Linguistics. Descriptive and theoretical modes: 77–134. John Benjamins.
1994The form and function of questions in informal dyadic conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 21: 621–644. BoP
Freese, J. & D.W. Maynard
1998Prosodic features of bad news and good news in conversation. Language in Society 27: 195–219. BoP
French, P. & J.K. Local
1983Turn-competitive incomings. Journal of Pragmatics 7: 17–38. BoP
1967Studies in Ethnomethodology. Prentice-Hall. BoP
1978Amplitude shift: A mechanism for the affiliation of utterances in conversational interaction. In J. Schenkein (ed.) Studies in the Organization of Conversational Interaction: 199–218. Academic Presscademic Press.
1995Co-constructing meaning in conversations with an aphasic man. Research on Language and Social Interaction 28(3): 233–260. BoP
1996The prosodic contextualization of moral work: An analysis of reproaches in ‘why’-formats. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & M. Selting (eds.): 271–302.
1982Discourse Strategies. Cambridge University Press.
1967Intonation and Grammar in British English. The Hague.
1970A Course in Spoken English: Intonation. Oxford University Press. BoP
1984A change-of-state token and aspects of its sequential placement. In M.J. Atkinson & J. Heritage (eds.): 299–345.
Heritage, J. & A.L. Roth
1995Grammar and institution: questions and questioning in broadcast media. Research on Language and Social Interaction 28: 1–60. BoP
1984Notes on some orderliness of overlap onset. In V. D’urso & P. Leonardi (eds.) Discourse Analysis and Natural Rhetorics: 11–38. Cleup Editore.
1987On exposed and embedded correction in conversation. In G. Button & J.R.E. Lee (eds.) Talk and Social Organization: 86–100. Multilingual.
Kelly, J. & J. Local
1989Doing Phonology. Manchester University Press. BoP
Liberman, M. & I. Sag
1974Prosodic form and discourse function. Chicago Linguistic Society 10: 416–427. BoP
1996Conversational phonetics: Some aspects of news receipts in everyday talk. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & M. Selting (eds.): 177–230.
Local, J., J. Kelly & W.H. Wells
1986Towards a phonology of conversation: turn-taking in Tyneside English. Journal of Linguistics 22: 411–437.
1964The Singer of Tales. Harvard University Press.
Ochs, E., E.A. Schegloff, & S.A. Thompson
(eds.)1996Interaction and Grammar. Cambridge University Press. BoP
1945The Intonation of American English. University of Michigan Press.
1984Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: some features of preferred/dispreferred turm shapes. In J.M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (eds.): 57–101.
Sacks, H., E. Schegloff & G. Jefferson
1974A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50: 696–735. BoP
Sag, I. & M. Liberman
1975The intonational disambiguation of indirect speech acts. Chicago Linguistic Society 11: 487–497. BoP
1988Discourse as an interactional achievement II: An exercise in conversation analysis. In D. Tannen (ed.), Linguistics in Context: Connecting observation and understanding: 135–158. Ablex. BoP
1990On the organization of sequences as a source of “coherence” in talk-in-interaction. In B. Dorval (ed.) Conversational Organization and its Development: 51–77. Ablex.
1996Turn organization: One intersection of grammar and interaction. In E. Ochs, E.A. Schegloff, & S.A. Thompson (eds.): 52–133. BoP
1998Reflections on studying prosody in talk-in-interaction. Language and Speech 41: 235–263.
Schegloff, E., G. Jefferson & H. Sacks
1977The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation. Language 53: 361–382. BoP
Schegloff, E.A. & H. Sacks
1984Opening up closings. In J. Baugh & J. Sherzer (eds.) Language in Use. Readings in sociolinguistics: 69–99. Prentice-Hall. BoP
Schuetze-Coburn, S., M. Shapley & E.G. Weber
1991Units of intonation in discourse: A comparison of acoustic and auditory analyses. Language and Speech 34(3): 207–234.
1996aOn the interplay of syntax and prosody in the constitution of turn-constructional units and turns in conversation. Pragmatics 6(3): 357–388. BoP
1996bProsody as an activity-type distinctive cue in conversation: the case of so-called ‘astonished’ questions in repair. In E. Couper-Kuhlen & M. Selting (eds.): 231–270.
1976Shifters, linguistic categories, and cultural description. In K. Basso & H.A. Selby (eds.) Meaning in Anthropology: 11–55. University of New Mexico Pressniversity of New Mexico Press. BoP
1977Toward an oral poetics. New Literary History 8: 507–519.
1958Paralanguage: A first approximation. Studies in Linguistics 13(1): 1–12.
1992On some forms and functions of speech rate changes in everyday conversation. In P. Auer & A.D. Luzio (eds.): 297–336.
Wells, B. & S. Macfarlane
1998Prosody as an interactional resource: Turn-projection and overlap. Language and Speech 41: 265–294.
1985The functions of rhetorical structure: A study of Central Alaskan Yupik Eskimo discourse. Language in Society 14: 153–190.
1980Speakers’ topics and major paratones. Lingua 52: 33–47. BoP