Implicature and language change

Kate Kearns
Table of contents

The basic components of semantic change are the two processes represented in (1).

Full-text access is restricted to subscribers. Log in to obtain additional credentials. For subscription information see Subscription & Price.


Aijmer, K.
1985The semantic development of will . In J. Fisiak (ed.): 11–21. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Atlas, J.D. & S.C. Levinson
1981 It-clefts, informativeness, and logical form: radical pragmatics (Revised Standard Version). In P. Cole (ed.). Radical pragmatics: 1–61. Academic Press. Google Scholar
Bybee, J. & W. Pagliuca
1987The evolution of future meaning. In Papers from the 7th International Conference on Historical Linguistics: 109–122. John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bybee, J., R. Perkins & W. Pagliuca
1994The evolution of grammar: tense, aspect and modality in the languages of the world.. University of Chicago Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Fisiak, J.
(ed.) 1986Historical semantics: Historical word-formation. Mouton. Google Scholar
Geeraerts, D.
1997Diachronic prototype semantics: a contribution to historical lexicology. Clarendon Press. Google Scholar
Geis, M. & A. Zwicky
1971On invited inferences. Linguistic Inquiry 2: 561–6.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Grice, H.P.
1975Logic and conversation. In P. Cole & J.L. Morgan (eds.) Speech Acts: 41–58. Academic Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Heine, B.
1997Cognitive foundations of grammar. Oxford University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Heine, B., U. Claudi & F. Hünnemeyer
1991Grammaticalization: a conceptual framework. University of Chicago Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Hopper, P.J. & E. Traugott
1993Grammaticalization. Cambridge University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Horn, L.R.
1984Toward a new taxonomy for pragmatic inference: Q-based and R-based implicature. In D. Schiffrin (ed.). Meaning form and use in context: linguistic applications: 11–42. Georgetown University Press. Google Scholar
1989A natural history of negation. Chicago University Press. Google Scholar
Kempson, R.
1980Ambiguity and word meaning. In S. Greenbaum, G. Leech & J. Svartvik (eds.) Studies in English linguistics: 7–16. Longman.Google Scholar
König, E.E.
1985Where do concessives come from? On the development of concessive connectives. In J. Fisiak (ed.): 263–82.Google Scholar
Lakoff, G. & M. Johnson
1980Metaphors we live by. University of Chicago Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Levinson, S.C.
1983Pragmatics. Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar
Lipka, L.
1985Inferential features in historical semantics. In J. Fisiak (ed.): 339–54.Google Scholar
Sperber, D. & D. Wilson
1986Relevance: Communication and cognition. Harvard University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Stern, G.
1931Meaning and change of meaning. Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag. Google Scholar
Sweetser, E.E.
1990From etymology to pragmatics: metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge University Press. DOI logo  BoPGoogle Scholar
Talmy, L.
1988Force dynamics in language and cognition. Cognitive Science 12: 49–100. DOI logo  BoPGoogle Scholar
Taylor, J.
1989Linguistic categorization: Prototypes in linguistic theory. Clarendon Press.  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Traugott, E.C.
1989On the rise of epistemic meanings in English: an example of subjectification in semantic change. Language 65: 31–55. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Traugott, E.C. & E. König
1991The semantics-pragmatics of grammaticalization revisited. In E.C. Traugott & B. Heine (eds.) Approaches to grammaticalization vol 1: 189–218. John Benjamins. DOI logo  BoPGoogle Scholar
Warren, B.
1992Sense developments: a contrastive study of the development of slang senses and novel standard senses in English. Almqvist & Wiksell International.  BoPGoogle Scholar