Adverbials, Auxiliaries, and Sentence Types
Active, Declarative Sentences
Give tree diagrams of the following sentences using the rules that are given in the textbook.
The very famous director will hold a private showing for us in his home tomorrow.
The activists are striving for peace in the world.
He put the tools in the drawer in the garage.
The children stayed in the house yesterday.
The corrupt official offered him money for the documents.
The strong winds toppled the tree in the front yard of our house.
He became a respected member of the firm.
Her parents depend on her now.
They considered him very lucky.
He consulted with his colleagues about the plans for the party on Tuesday.
The teacher reminded the students of the assignment.
The musician composed the symphony in his summer house last year.
Harold fought the Danes successfully in the north in September.
We made him spokesperson of our group before the meeting.
She touched him on the shoulder lightly.
The workmen are looking into the problem with the lights.
He ran after dinner.
He ran after the thief.
The papers belong in the top drawer.
They worked in the garden today.
The first tree represents the interpretation: ‘he consulted with his colleagues about the plans for Tuesday's party’.
The second (partial) tree represents the interpretation: ‘on Tuesday, he consulted with his colleagues about the plans for (some other day's) party’.
The first tree represents the interpretation: ‘the workmen are looking into the problem which concerns the lights’.
The second (partial, generalized) tree represents the interpretation: ‘using lights, the workmen are looking into some problem’.