Translation Studies has long been dominated by speculative and prescriptive writing, relying on theoretical entities or anecdotal evidence rather than on facts derived from direct experience or systematic observation. Holmes’ ‘map’ of Translation Studies, with its descriptive and applied branches, was developed in the 1970s and is considered by many as the founding statement for the emergent discipline. It was also a reaction against these shortcomings, and aimed to establish the use of the empirical method within Translation Studies (see Munday 2008: Chapter 1.4). Since then, empirical research has become an essential part of the field. Working empirically means analysing problems by means of data rather than relying solely on logical argument. Many researchers therefore make a distinction between empirical approaches on the one hand, and what are either termed non-empirical, semi-empirical, theoretical or rational approaches (for example, hermeneutics, deconstruction or postmodernism) on the other. This dichotomy is, however, debatable, as even empirical research generally is based on theoretical assumptions and/or supposed to develop or refine theories.
Breakwell, Glynis M., Hammond, Sean, Fife-Schaw, Chris & Smith, Jonathan A
2006Research Methods in Psychology. London: Sage.
2004Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology. London: Hodder Arnold.
1997Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2009“Research for training, research for society in Translation Studies.” In Translation research projects 2, Anthony Pym & Alexander Perekrestenko (eds), 35–40. Tarragona: Intercultural Studies Group. TSB
Giroux, Sylvain & Tremblay, Ginette
2009Méthodologie des sciences humaines. La recherche en action. Saint-Laurent, Québec: Éditions du Renouveau Pédagogique Inc.
2013“The translation process as object of research.”In The Routledge Handbook of Translation Studies, Carmen Millán & Francesca Bartrina (eds), 88–101. London: Routledge.
Index Translationum – World Bibliography of Translation