メディア通訳 [Media Interpreting]

フランツ・ポェヒハッカー

松下 佳世による翻訳

目次

Handbook of Translation Studies  Volume 1 (2010), pp. 224–226. Translation: 2017ISSN 2210-4844

© John Benjamins Publishing Company

放送通訳としても知られるメディア通訳は、メディアを介した言語変換(広義には視聴覚翻訳)の一種で、マスメディアの生放送で主に用いられる。通訳の専門領域の一つとして、 1980 年代から通訳研究者の注目を集めてきた (e.g., Kurz 1990)。一方、その実践の歴史は、アンドレ・カミンカーやハンス・ヤーコプといった名だたる会議通訳者が、フランスのラジオ放送向けにヒットラーの演説を同時通訳した 1930 年代にまで遡る。生放送における同時通訳は、様々な場面・方式・形態が含まれるメディア通訳の中でも、いまなお最も典型的なものと見なされている。

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参考文献

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