Ulus, imparatorluk, çeviri [Nation, empire, translation]

Roberto Valdeón
Oviedo Üniversitesi

Çeviri Fırat Ceylan

İçindekiler

Handbook of Translation Studies  Volume 4 (2013), pp. 111–118. Translation: ISSN 2210-4844

© John Benjamins Publishing Company

Ulus kavramı açıklanması çok zor bir kavramdır. Geller bu kavramı açıklamak için biri kültüre ve diğeri gönüllülük esasına dayalı (2006: 6–7) iki yaklaşım önermişse de her ikisini de tatmin edici bulmaz ve ulusların sadece ulusçuluk çağı bağlamında (2006: 54) tanımlanabileceğini belirtir. Modern ulus kavramı, Avrupa'da yakın zamanda oluşturulmuş olabilir ama ulusları tanımlamada veya yaratmada dilin oynadığı kilit rolün köklü bir tarihi vardır. Benzer şekilde, çeviribilim [Translation Studies] de modern bir bilim dalıdır ama çevirinin [translation] imparatorlukların inşasındaki rolü hiç de yeni değildir (Robinson 1997: 9). Mısırlılar, Yunanlılar, Romalılar, Araplar, Çinliler, Osmanlılar ve birçok devlet, imparatorluklarını önce fetih sonra da ticaret yoluyla genişletirken uluslarını da çeviri yoluyla yücelttiler (bkz. Bilim Çevirisi) [Scientific translation].

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