Everyday interactions and the domestication of social inequality

Elizabeth Keating

Abstract

This article examines the distribution of relationships of power and authority as an activity in gossip sessions among members of a community in Pohnpei, Micronesia. The position of Bourdieu, that the interactionist approach cannot elucidate important aspects of the sharing of power in society, is used as a starting place to examine ways in which interactants in everyday conversations manipulate and organize gendered identities and the entitlements of certain classes of individuals to particular types of power.

Keywords:
Quick links
A browser-friendly version of this article is not yet available. View PDF
Abu-Lughod, Lila
(1986) Veiled sentiments. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Bergmann, J
(1993) Discrete indiscretions. The social organization of gossip. New York: Aldine / de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Besnier, Niko
(1990) Conflict management, gossip and affective meaning on Nukulaelae. In K. Watson-Gegeo, and G. White (eds.), Disentangling: Conflict discourse in the Pacific. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, pp. 290-334.Google Scholar
Billig, Michael
(1999) Whose terms? Whose ordinariness? Rhetoric and ideology in conversation analysis. Discourse and society 10.4: 543-558. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Bogen, David, and Michael Lynch
(1990) Social critique and the logic of description. Journal of Pragmatics 14: 505-521. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre
(1977) Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1990) The logic of practice. Richard Nice trans. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
(1994) Language and symbolic power. Harvard: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Briggs, Charles
(1996) Disorderly discourse: Narrative, conflict, and social inequality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Brison, Karen
(1992) Just talk. Berkeley: University of California Press. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Brenneis, Donald
(1984) Grog and gossip in Bhatgaon: Style and substance in Fiji Indian conversation. American Ethnologist 11: 3. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Briggs, Charles
(ed.) (1996) Disorderly discourse: Narrative, conflict, and social inequality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Cameron, D
(1997) Performing gender identity: Young men's talk and the construction of heterosexual masculinity. In Sally Johnson, and Ulrike Meinhof (eds.), Language and masculinity. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Elias, N
(1994) [1939] The Civilizing process. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Eckert, P., and S. McConnell-Ginet
(1995) Constructing meaning, constructing selves. In K. Hall, and M. Bucholz (eds.), Gender Articulated. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Garfinkel, Harold
(1967) Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Goodwin, Marjorie
(1990) He-said-she-said: Talk as social organization among black children. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Goodwin, Charles, and Marjorie Goodwin
(1987) Concurrent operations on talk: Notes on the interactive organization of assessments. IprA Papers in Pragmatics 1.1: 1-52. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hanks, William F
(1996) Language and communicative practices. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Haviland, John
(1977) Gossip, reputation, and knowledge in Zinacantan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Heritage, John
(1984) Garfinkel and ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Jenkins, Richard
(1992) Pierre Bourdieu. New York: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Keating, Elizabeth
(1998) Power sharing: Language, rank, gender and social space in Pohnpei, Micronesia. New York: Oxford University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Kihleng, Kimberly
(1996) Women in exchange: Negotiated relations, practice, and the constitution of female power in processes of cultural reproduction and change in Pohnpei, Micronesia. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii. (UMI No. 9700526)
Kotthoff, Helga, & R. Wodak
(eds.) (1997) Communicating gender in context. Amsterdam: Benjamins Publishing Company. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Labov, William
(1972) Language in the inner city: Studies in the Black English vernacular. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Lynch, Michael
(1999) Silence in context: Ethnomethodology and social theory. Human Studies22: 211-233. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mauricio, Rufino
(1993) Ideological bases for power and leadership on Pohnpei, Micronesia: Perspectives from Archaeology and Oral History. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon (UMI # 9402036).
McHoul, Alec
(1988) Language and the sociology of mind: A critical introduction to the work of Jeff Coulter. Journal of Pragmatics 12: 339-386. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pollner, Melvin
(1991) Left of ethnomethodology: The rise and decline of radical reflexivity. American Sociological Review 56: 370-380. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pomerantz, Anita
(1984) Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. In J. Maxwell Atkinson, and John Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 57-101.Google Scholar
Reisenberg, Saul
(1968) The native polity of Ponape. Vol 10 of the Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sapir, Edward
(1921) Language: An introduction to the study of speech. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Janovich.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Schegloff, Emanuel
(1968) Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist 70: 1075-95.  BoP CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1998) Reply to Wetherell . Discourse and Society 9.3: 413-416. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(1999) Naivete vs sophistication or discipline vs self-indulgence: A rejoinder to Billig. Discourse and Society 10.4: 577-582. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Speer, Susan
(2001) Reconsidering the concept of hegemonic masculinity: Discursive psychology, conversation analysis and participants’ orientations. Feminism and Psychology 11.1: 107-135. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Thompson, John
(ed.) (1994) Editor’s introduction. In Pierre Bourdieu Language and symbolic power. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Titscher, S., M. Meyer, R. Wodak, & R. Vetter
(2000) Methods of text and discourse analysis Translated byB. Jenner. London: Sage.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Wetherell, Margaret
(1998) Positioning and interpretive repertoires: Conversation analysis and post- structuralism in dialogue. Discourse and Society 9.3: 387-412. CrossrefGoogle Scholar