“I have a question for you”: Practices for achieving institutional interaction in Israeli radio phone-in programs

Gonen Dori-Hacohen

Abstract

Schegloff described utterances such as “lemme ask you a question” as pre-questions, pre-pre’s or pre-delicates (Schegloff 1980). This paper provides a discussion of similar utterances in a specific institutional setting - political radio phone-in programs in Israel. The participants use these utterances in ways that are similar to Schegloff’s description. Yet, the pre-construction has additional institutional functions for the differing roles of the host and the caller. Hosts use these utterances to manage the interaction during overlaps as a means to secure an exclusive turn of talk following them. Callers use them infrequently at the beginning of their talk as story-prompts. Hosts may challenge this usage and the interactional role reversal. Regular callers can use the pre-constructions similarly to hosts. In this way, the pre-constructions in the Israeli radio phone-in programs are employed as interactional practices that relate and construct the roles in this institutional setting.

Keywords:
Quick links
A browser-friendly version of this article is not yet available. View PDF
Atkinson, Maxwell J
(1984) Our masters' voices: The language and body language of politics. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana, and Juliane House
(1989) Cross-cultural and situational variation in requesting behavior. In Shoshana Blum-Kulka, Juliane House & Gabriel Kasper (eds.), Cross-cultural pragmatics. New Jersey: Norwood, pp. 123-154.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana, and Elit Olshtain
(1984) Requests and apologies: A cross-cultural study of speech act realization patterns (CCSARP). Applied Linguistics 5.3: 196-213. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Dori-Hacohen, G
(2009) Citizens talk about public affairs: The description of the political phone-in program on Israeli public radio. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Haifa.
Fitzgerald, Richard, and William Housley
(2002) Identity, categorization and sequential organization: The sequential and categorial flow of identity in a radio phone-in. Discourse & Society 13.5: 579-602. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Greatbatch, David
(1988) A turn-taking system for British news interviews. Language in Society 17.3: 401-430. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(1992) On the management of disagreement between news interviewees. In Paul Drew & John Heritage (eds.), Talk at work: Interaction in institutional settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 268-301.Google Scholar
Hacohen, G
(2007) Narrative and argumentation in Israel radio phone-ins. In Frans H. van Eemeren, Anthony J. Blair, C.A. Willard, & Bart Garssen (eds.), Proceedings of the 6th ISSA conference. Amsterdam: SicSat, pp. 549-556.Google Scholar
Hamo, Michal
(2006) Caught between freedom and control: ‘Ordinary’ people’s discursive positioning on an Israeli prime-time talk show. Discourse & Society 17.4: 427-446. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Heritage, John
(1985) Analyzing news interviews: Aspects of the production of talk for an overhearing audience. In Teun A. van Dijk (ed.), Handbook of discourse analysis. New York: Academic Press, pp. 95-119.Google Scholar
(2002) Designing questions and setting agendas in the news interview. In Phillip J. Glenn, Curtis D. LeBaron & Jenny S. Mandelbaum (eds.), Studies in language and social interaction. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 57-90.Google Scholar
Heritage, John, and Marja-Leena Sorjonen
(1994) Constituting and maintaining activities across sequences: And-prefacing as a feature of question design. Language in Society 23: 1-29. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Heritage, John, and Geoffrey Raymond
(2005) The terms of agreement: Indexing epistemic authority and subordination in talk-in-interaction. Social Psychology Quarterly 68.1: 15-38. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hutchby, Ian
(1996) Confrontation talk: Arguments, asymmetries, and power on talk radio. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.Google Scholar
(1999) Beyond agnosticism? Conversation analysis and the sociological agenda. Research on Language and Social Interaction 32.1&2: 85-93. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(2001) ‘Witnessing’: The use of first-hand knowledge in legitimating lay opinions on talk radio. Discourse Studies 34: 481-497. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jefferson, Gail
(2004) Glossary of transcript symbols with an introduction. In Gene H. Lerner (ed.), Conversation Analysis: Studies from the first generation. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 13-31. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Katriel, Tamar
(2004) Dialogic moments: From soul talks to talk radio in Israeli culture. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
Labov, William
(1972) Language in the inner city: Studies in the black English vernacular. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, David Fanshel
(1977) Therapeutic discourse: Psychotherapy as Conversation. New York: Academic Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Liddicoat, Anthony, Sussanne Döpke, Kristina Love, and Anne Brown
(1995) Presenting a point of view: Callers’ contributions to talkback radio in Australia. Journal of Pragmatics 22: 139-156. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maschler, Yael
(1998) Rotsè lishmoa kéta?'wanna hear something weird/funny[lit.'a segment']?': The discourse markers segmenting Israeli Hebrew talk-in-interaction. In Andrias H. Jucker & Yael Ziv (eds.), Discourse markers: Descriptions and theory. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 13-59. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maschler, Yael, and Gonen Dori-Hacohen
in press) From sequential to affective discourse marker: Hebrew nu on Israeli political phone-in radio programs. Discourse Studies 14.5.
McCarthy, Michael J., and Anne O’Keeffe
(2003) ‘What’s in a name?’: Vocatives in casual conversations and radio phone-in calls. In Pepi Leistyna & Charles F. Meyer (eds.) Corpus analysis: Language structure and language use. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 153-185. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McLeish, Robert
(2005) Radio Production (5th edition). Elsevier.Google Scholar
Panese Marcello
(2010) Calling in: Prosody and conversation in radio-talk. Pragmatics 6.1: 19-87.Google Scholar
Pomerantz, Anita
(1984a) Agreement and disagreement with assessment: Some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. In Maxwell J. Atkinson & John Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 57-101.Google Scholar
(1984b) Pursuing a response. In Maxwell J. Atkinson & John Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 152-163.Google Scholar
Raymond, Geoffrey
(2003) Grammar and social organization: Yes/No interrogatives and the structure of responding. American Sociological Review 68: 939-967. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sacks, Harvey
(1974) An analysis of the course of a joke's telling in conversation. In Joel Sherzer & Bauman Richard (eds.), Explorations in the ethnography of speaking. London: Cambridge University Press, pp. 337-353.Google Scholar
Schegloff, A. Emanuel
(1968) Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist 70.6: 1075-1095. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1980) Preliminaries to preliminaries: "Can I ask you a question?” Sociological Inquiry 50.3-4: 104-152. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1982) Discourse as an interactional achievement: some uses of "uh huh" and other things that come between sentences. In D. Tannen (ed.), Analyzing Discourse:Text and talk.(Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, pp. 71-93.Google Scholar
(1987) Recycled turn beginnings: A precise repair mechanism in conversation’s turn-taking organisation. In Graham Button & Jon R.E. Lee (eds.), Talk and social organization. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, pp. 70-85.Google Scholar
(1992) On talk and its institutional occasions. In Paul Drew & John Heritage (eds.), Talk at work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(2000) Overlapping talk and the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language in Society 29.1: 1-63. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2007) Sequence organization in interaction: A primer in conversation analysis. Cambridge University Press, pp. 101-134. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stivers, Tanya, and Makoto Hayashi
(2010) Transformative answers: One way to resist a question’s constraints. Language in Society 39: 1-25. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Weizman, Elda
(2008) Positioning in media dialogue: Negotiating roles in the news interview. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Publishing Company. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar