Legitimization and delegitimization strategies on terrorism: A corpus-based analysis of building metaphors

Maria Jose Hellin Garcia

Abstract

This article examines the role of Building Metaphors in the political discourse of the former Spanish president José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. More specific, it analyzes how Building Metaphors serve as legitimization and delegitimization strategies used by the Government and its anti-terrorist plight. The corpus of investigation comprises all political speeches on terrorism during Zapatero’s two terms in office (from April 2004 to December 2011). I argue that the use of Building Metaphors is a strategy of Zapatero’s whereby the solid ground of the Government’s anti-terrorist initiative is juxtaposed with terrorism’s lack of foundation. Findings suggest that the following conceptual metaphors are used as framing devices: POLITICS IS BUILDING, POLITICAL ENTITIES ARE BUILDINGS, THE GOVERNMENT IS THE BUILDER, TERRORISM IS THE DESTROYER, DEMOCRACY IS A STANDING BUILDING WITH SOLID FOUNDATIONS, TERRORISM IS A BUILDING WITH NO FOUNDATIONS, DEMOCRATIC VALUES ARE CONNECTORS, and TERRORIST VALUES ARE OBSTRUCTORS.

Keywords:
Quick links
A browser-friendly version of this article is not yet available. View PDF
Avilés, Juan
(2010) El terrorismo en España: De ETA a AlQaeda. Madrid: Arco Libros.Google Scholar
Batista, Antoni
(2011) Adiós a las armas. Barcelona: Debate.Google Scholar
Çağatay Tekin, Beyza
(2008) The construction of Turkey’s possible EU membership in French discourse. Discourse & Society 19.6: 727-763. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Charteris-Black, Jonathan
(2004) Corpus approaches to critical metaphor analysis. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan. Crossref  MetBibGoogle Scholar
(2005) Politicians and rhetoric. The persuasive power of metaphor. London and New York: Palgrave-MacMillan.  MetBib CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chilton, Paul
(2004) Analysing political discourse: Theory and practice. London: Routledge.  MetBib. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chilton, P., and M. Ilyn
(1993) Metaphor in political discourse: The case of ‘common European house’. Discourse & Society 4.1: 7-31. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Díaz Rojo, Antonio
(1994) Las metáforas sobre la situación política española en la primavera de 1994, a través de los medios de comunicación. Español Actual 62: 55-66.Google Scholar
Eguiguren, J., and L. Rodríguez Aizpeolea
(2011) ETA: Las claves de la paz. Madrid: Aguilar.Google Scholar
Fisas, Vicenç
(2010) ¿Llegó la hora? Promesas de paz para el País Vasco. Barcelona: Icaria.Google Scholar
González Ruiz, Ramón
(2008) Una cala en el lenguaje político español: Análisis lingüístico de un discurso parlamentario. CAUCE, Revista Internacional de Filología y su didáctica 31: 144-160.Google Scholar
Goatly, Andew
(1997) The language of metaphors. New York: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Goatly, Andrew
(2007) Washing the brain. Metaphor and hidden ideology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Crossref  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Grady, Joseph
(1997) THEORIES ARE BUILDINGS revisited. Cognitive Linguistics 8.4: 267- 290. Crossref  MetBibGoogle Scholar
Hellín-García, María José
(2008) Framing terrorism via metaphors. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (2004-2007). University of Minnesota (doctoral dissertation).
(2009) Fight metaphors in Spain’s presidential speeches. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses. Special issue on persuasion and rhetoric 22: 127-153. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2010) Diagnosing terrorism in Spain: Medical metaphors in presidential discourse. Southwest Journal of Linguistics 29.1: 53-73.Google Scholar
Heywood J., and E. Semino
(2005) Source ‘scenes’ and source ‘domains’: Insights from a corpus-based study of metaphors for communication. In Proceeding of the Third Interdisciplinary Workshop on Corpus-Based Approaches to Figurative Language.Google Scholar
Järlehed, Johan
(2009) El lenguaje y la metáfora en el debate periodístico actual. In H. Urrutia, and T. Fernández (eds.), Claves y análisis en el discurso político en el País Vasco. Madrid: Dykinson, pp. 197-222.Google Scholar
Koteyko, N., and L. Ryazanova-Clarke
(2009) The path and building metaphors in the speeches of Vladimir Putin: Back to the Future? Slavonica 15.2: 112-127. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kövecses, Zoltán
(2002) Metaphor: A practical introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Lakoff, George
(1993) The contemporary theory of metaphor. In A. Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 202-251. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lakoff, G., and M. Johnson
(1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Lu, L.W., and K. Ahrens
(2008) Ideological influence on BUILDING metaphors in Taiwanese presidential speeches. Discourse & Society 19.3: 383-408. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Mate, Reyes
(2008) Justicia de las víctimas: Terrorismo, memoria, reconciliación. Barcelona: Anthropos.Google Scholar
Molpeceres, Sara
(2009) Figuras paternas: el líder político como representante moral. Oralia 12: 331-356.Google Scholar
Mussolf, Andreas
(2004) Metaphor and political discourse. Analogical reasoning in debates about Europe. London and New York: Palgrave-MacMillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Olza Moreno, Inés
(2008) Metáfora y argumentación en el lenguaje político y la prensa españoles. Aproximación a las metáforas relacionadas con el ‘Proceso de Paz’. Estudios de Lingüística de la Universidad de Alicante 22: 213-242. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Reinares, Fernando
(2011) Patriotas de la muerte. Por qué han militado en ETA y cuándo abandonan. Madrid: Taurus.Google Scholar
Ruiz Gurillo, Leonor
(2000) Las metáforas de un día en los medios de comunicación españoles. Estudios de Lingüística de la Universidad de Alicante 14: 199-215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sánchez García, Francisco José
(2009) Estudio pragmático del discurso político español (Doctoral dissertation). Universidad de Granada.