Ch. 9 | Exercise 4

# Chapter 9Finite and Nonfinite Clauses

### Exercise 9.4Relative Clauses

1.

Determine the type of relative clause (restrictive relative, nonrestrictive relative, free (headless) relative, indefinite relative, sentential relative) in each of the following:

a.

There was a huge whirlpool tub and a sauna shower, both of which we used multiple times a day. (coca:mag)

b.

We are all in support of whoever is on. (coca:news)

c.

Anyone who doesn’t get bored in an audition is a liar. (coca:news)

d.

I felt happy with what I had done and accomplished. (coca:news)

e.

The waiter brought us the bill, which surprised me. (coca:fic)

f.

Even in a place like Seattle, which is not known for sunny weather, overexposure to UV rays can pose a potentially life-threatening danger. (coca:mag)

g.

But probably they have no attachments, which helps. (coca:fic)

h.

What she really wanted was to take ballet lessons. (coca:fic)

i.

The meals which formerly he forgot, or ate absentmindedly, now claimed his attention. (coca:fic)

j.

Whoever dominates the line of scrimmage will win the game. (coca:news)

2.

In the following relative clauses, indicate the extraction site of the wh-word or phrase and specify its type and function (use the model of question 1 in Exercise 9.3).

a.

It was my mother who kept the reins on our family finances. (coca:fic)

b.

Qualified dividends, which include most dividends from stocks, are taxed at 15 percent. (coca:news)

c.

Five minutes passed, during which neither the woman nor the student returned. (coca:fic)

d.

The dining room is the reason why we bought the home. (coca:news)

e.

He quit one day when his parking pass was revoked. (coca:news)

f.

the store had an employee whose job was to deal just with celebrities. (coca:news)

g.

My other obsession was Woody Allen, whom I saw from time to time speed walking on Fifth Avenue. (coca:acad)

h.

That's the only part of the book that Ron is in. (coca:spok)

i.

The party we were planning is off. (coca:spok)

j.

The building where Seamus lived was silent and dark. (coca:fic)

3.

Explain the ambiguity of the following sentence and draw generalized D structure trees for the two readings:

The fact that I heard disturbed me.

1.
a.

nonrestrictive

b.

indefinite

c.

restrictive

d.

e.

sentential

f.

nonrestrictive

g.

sentential

h.

i.

restrictive

j.

indefinite

2.
a.

It was my mother who [t] kept the reins on our family finances.

Type: relative pronoun

Function: Su

b.

Qualified dividends, which [t] include most dividends from stocks, are taxed at 15 percent.

Type: relative pronoun

Function: Su

c.

Five minutes passed, during which neither the woman nor the student returned [t].

Type: relative pronoun

Function: aA

d.

The dining room is the reason why we bought the home [t].

Function: aA

e.

He quit one day when his parking pass was revoked [t].

Function: aA

f.

The store had an employee whose job [t] was to deal just with celebrities.

Type: relative determiner

Function: specifier of N job (whose job is Su)

g.

My other obsession was Woody Allen, whom I saw [t] from time to time speed walking on Fifth Avenue.

Type: relative pronoun

Function: dO

h.

That's the only part of the book that Ron is in [t].

Type: relative pronoun

Function: OP

i.

The party we were planning [t] is off.

Type: Ø (relative pronoun)

Function: dO

j.

The building where Seamus lived [t] was silent and dark.