Critical Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis

Ruth Wodak
Table of contents

The terms Critical Linguistics (CL) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) have been frequently used interchangeably. Recently, however, the term CDA seems to have been preferred and is being used to denote the theory formerly identified as CL. Thus, I will continue to use CDA exclusively in this paper (see Anthonissen 2001 for an extensive discussion of these terms). The roots of CDA lie in classical Rhetoric, Text linguistics and Sociolinguistics, as well as in Applied Linguistics and Pragmatics (see also Wodak & Meyer 2009; Fairclough 2003; Wodak 2004, 2007; Renkema 2004; Blommaert 2005).

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