翻訳の方略と手法 [Translation Strategies and Tactics]

イーヴ・ガンビエ

石塚浩之による翻訳

目次

Handbook of Translation Studies  Volume 1 (2010), pp. 412–418. Current revision: 2011. Translation: 2017
Previous version(s) of this article: 2011 ISSN 2210-4844

© John Benjamins Publishing Company

翻訳研究には他の学問分野から借用した用語が多くあり、それらの使用に一貫性を欠く危険性がある。生じうる問題としては、類義語の氾濫 (翻訳、翻案ローカリゼーションなど)、用語の多義性 (文化、機能、等価など)、概念の曖昧さ・不正確さ (類似性、システム、テクスト、母語など) などが挙げられる。方略 (strategy) も、翻訳研究における曖昧な用語のひとつであり、その使われ方が様々であることに加え、英語の他の用語 (procedures手順、techniques技巧、operations作業、changes変更、shiftsシフト、 methods方法、replacements置換、など) と競合関係にあるように思われる。こうした用語には共通するひとつの概念があるのだろうか、それとも類義語のような用語のそれぞれが異なった概念を持つのだろうか。

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