Political cross-discourse: Conversationalization, imaginary networks, and social fields in Galiza

Celso Alvarez-Cáccamo and Gabriela Prego-Vázquez

Abstract

Through the analysis of political rallies and parliamentary speech in Galiza, it is shown how conversationalized forms of political discourse enter into ideological manipulation and hegemony-building by professional politicians. The overall resulting phenomenon, cross-discourse, draws from habitual, daily and traditional forms of speech. Political cross-discourse consists of the tactical texturing of traditional political oratory templates through select informal conversational forms and themes. Three main forms of cross-discourse found in the data are exemplified. Cross-discourse indexes and constructs social spaces and networks at several levels of generality: From those of daily interactions to an imaginary supranetwork of common citizens. This form of cross-discursive circulation (from daily speech to politics) gives the illusion of fluidity between social fields in formal democracies, while it hides the very unequal nature of the distribution of discursive resources.

Keywords:
Quick links
A browser-friendly version of this article is not yet available. View PDF
Auer, Peter
(1992) Introduction: John Gumperz' approach to contextualization. In P. Auer & A.di Luzio (eds.), The contextualization of language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 1-37. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Bakhtin, Mikhail M
(1981) The dialogic imagination. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
Blommaert, Jan
(1990) Modern African political style: Strategies and genres in Swahili political discourse. Discourse & Society 1.2: 115-131. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(2001a) Context is/as critique. Critique of Anthropology 21.1: 13-32. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2001) Investigating narrative inequality: African asylum seekers’ stories in Belgium. Discourse & Society 12.4: 413-449. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre
(1990) In other words: Essays toward a reflexive sociology. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Briggs, Charles L
(1992) Linguistic ideologies and the naturalization of power in Warao discourse. Pragmatics 2.3: 387-404.  BoP CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Briggs, Charles L., and Richard Bauman
(1992) Genre, intertextuality, and social power. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 2.2: 131-172. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Duranti, Alessandro
(1994) From grammar to politics: Linguistic anthropology in a Western Samoan village. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Fairclough, Norman
(1997) Discurso, mudança e hegemonia. In E.R. Pedro (ed.), Análise Crítica do Discurso. Uma perspectiva sociopolítica e funcional. Lisboa: Caminho, pp. 75-103.Google Scholar
(2000) Language and neo-liberalism [guest editorial]. Discourse and Society 11.2: 147- 148. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fairclough, Norman, and Anna Mauranen
(1997) The conversationalisation of political discourse: A comparative view. In J. Blommaert & C. Bulcaen (eds.), Political Linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 89-119. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Goffman, Erving
(1981) Forms of Talk. Oxford: Blackwell.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Gumperz, John J
(1982a) Discourse Strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  BoP CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1982b) Ethnic style and political rhetoric. In Discourse Strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 187-203.  BoP CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Haberland, Hartmut
(1986) Reported speech in Danish. In F. Coulmas (ed.), Direct and indirect speech. Berlin/New York/Amsterdam: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 219-253. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hanks, William F
(1987) Discourse genres in a theory of practice. American Ethnologist 14.4: 668-692. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Irvine, Judith T
(1984) Formality and informality in communicative events. In J. Baugh & J. Sherzer (eds.), Language in Use. Readings in Sociolinguistics. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, pp. 211-228.Google Scholar
Labov, William
(1972) The transformation of experience in narrative syntax. In Language in the inner city. Studies in the Black English Vernacular. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 354-405.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, and Josh Waletzky
(1967) Narrative analysis: Oral versions of personal experiences. In J. Helm (ed.), Essays on the verbal and visual arts. Seattle: University of Washington Press, pp. 12-44.Google Scholar
Prego-Vázquez, Gabriela
(2000) Prácticas discursivas, redes sociales e identidades en Bergantiños (Galicia): La interacción comunicativa en una situación de cambio sociolingüístico. Ph.D. Dissertation, Depto. de Galego-Português, Francês e Linguística, Universidade da Corunha.
Rampton, Ben
(1995a) Crossing: Language and ethnicity among adolescents. London: Longman.  BoPGoogle Scholar
(1995b) Language crossing and the problematisation of ethnicity and socialisation. Pragmatics 5.4: 485-513.  BoP CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1998) Language crossing and the redefinition of reality. In P. Auer (ed.), Code-Switching in Conversation. Language, Interaction and Identity. London: Routledge, pp. 290-317.Google Scholar
Silverstein, Michael, and Greg Urban
(1996) Natural histories of discourse. Chicago: Chicago University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Thompson, John B
(1990) Ideology and modern culture: Critical social theory in the era of mass communication. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Urban, Greg
(1996) Metaphysical community: The interplay of the senses and the intellect. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
van Dijk, Teun A
(1998) Ideology: A multidisciplinary approach. London: Sage.Google Scholar