Represented speech: Private lives in public talk

Zane Goebel


This paper draws together discussions around public and private, represented talk, and conviviality by showing how an interviewee uses linguistic features to frame instances of talk as either “represented private talk” or “represented public talk”. My empirical focus is an interview that was recorded as part of fieldwork on leadership practices in the Indonesian bureaucracy. In this interview with a department head it seems that he adds authenticity to accounts of his leadership practices by performing them through represented talk. His use of Javanese in instances of represented talk also helps index intimate social relations between himself and his staff, while in some instances the combination of reference to place and participants also helps to nest ideas of private within represented public talk.

Quick links
A browser-friendly version of this article is not yet available. View PDF
Agha, Asif
(2007a) Language and social relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(2007b) The object called "Language" and the subject of linguistics. Journal of English Linguistics 35.3: 217-235. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ang, Ien
(2003) Together-in-difference: Beyond diaspora into hybridity. Asian Studies Review 27: 141-154. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bakhtin, Mikhail
(1986) The problem of speech genres. In M.M. Bakhtin (ed.), Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, pp. 60-102.Google Scholar
Bauman, Richard
(2004) A world of others' words: Cross-cultural perspectives on intertextuality. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baumann, Gerd
(1996) Contesting culture: Discourses of identity in multi-ethnic London, Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bax, Gerald William
(1974) Language and social structure in a Javanese village. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Tulane, USA: Tulane University.Google Scholar
Besnier, Niko
(2009) Gossip and the everyday production of politics. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Blommaert, Jan, and Piia Varis
(2011) Enough is enough: The heuristics of authenticity in superdiversity. Working Papers in Urban Language and Literacies 76 ( London, Albany, Gent, Tilburg ) [ Tilburg Papers in Culture Studies 2, Tilburg University ].Google Scholar
(2015) The importance of unimportant language (Special issue). Multilingual Margins 2/1: 1-4.Google Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre
(1991) Language and symbolic power. Cambridge: Polity Press in association with Basil Blackwell.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Bunnell, Tim, Sallie Yea, Linda Peake, Tracey Skelton, and Monica Smith
(2012) Geographies of friendships. Progress in Human Geography 36.4: 490-507. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Clift, Rebecca
(2006) Indexing stance: Reported speech as an interactional evidential. Journal of Sociolinguistics 10.5: 569-595. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Clift, Rebecca, and Elizabeth Holt
(2007) Introduction. In Elizabeth Holt, and Rebecca Clift (eds.), Reported talk: Reporting speech in interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-15.Google Scholar
Coupland, Justine
(2003) Small talk: Social functions. Research on Language & Social Interaction 36.1: 1-6. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Dewey, Alice
(1978) Deference behaviour in Java: Duty or privilege. In S. Udin (ed.), Spectrum: Essays presented to Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana on his Seventieth Birthday. Jakarta: Dian Rakyat, pp. 420-428.Google Scholar
Duranti, Alessandro, and Charles Goodwin
(1992) Rethinking context: Language as an interactive phenomenon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Enfield, Nicholas, and Stephen Levinson
(2006) Introduction: Human sociality as a new interdisciplinary field. In Nicholas J. Enfield, and Stephen C. Levinson (eds.), Roots of Human Sociality: Culture, Cognition and Interaction. Oxford: Berg. pp. 1-35.Google Scholar
Errington, Joseph
(1985) Language and social change in Java: Linguistic reflexes of modernization in a traditional royal polity. Ohio: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
(1988) Structure and style in Javanese: A semiotic view of linguistic etiquette. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
(1995) State speech for peripheral publics in Java. Pragmatics 5.2: 213-224. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(1998a) Indonesian('s) development: On the state of a language of state. In Bambi B. Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul V. Kroskrity (eds.), Language ideologies: Practice and theory. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 271-284.Google Scholar
(1998b) Shifting languages: Interaction and identity in Javanese Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(2000) Indonesian('s) authority. In Paul V. Kroskrity (ed.), Regimes of language: Ideologies, polities, and identities (Advanced Seminar Series). Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research, pp. 205-227Google Scholar
Gal, Susan
(2002) A semiotics of the public/private distinction. Differences: A journal of feminist cultural studies 13.1: 77-95. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gal, Susan, and Kathryn Woolard
(2001) Constructing languages and publics: Authority and representation. In Susan Gal, and Kathryn Woolard (eds.), Languages and publics: The making of authority. Manchester, UK: St. Jerome Publishing, pp. 1-12.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Georgakopoulou, Alexandra
(2007) Small stories, interaction and identities. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Goebel, Zane
(2000) Communicative competence in Indonesian: Language choice in inter-ethnic interactions in Semarang. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Darwin: Northern Territory University.Google Scholar
(2007) Enregisterment and appropriation in Javanese-Indonesian bilingual talk. Language in Society 36.4: 511-531. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
(2010) Language, migration and identity: Neighborhood talk in Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2014) Doing leadership through signswitching in the Indonesian bureaucracy. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 24.2: 193-215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2015) Language and superdiversity: Indonesians knowledging at home and abroad. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Goffman, Erving
(1981) Forms of talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Gumperz, John
(1982) Discourse strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Hill, Jane
(2001) Mock Spanish, covert racism, and the (leaky) boundary between public and private spheres. In Susan Gal, and Kathryn Woolard (eds.), Languages and publics: The making of authority. Manchester, UK: St. Jerome Publishing, pp. 83-102.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Irvine, Judith, and Susan Gal
(2000) Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. In Paul V. Kroskrity (ed.), Regimes of language: Ideologies, polities and identities. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press, pp. 35-84.Google Scholar
Karner, Christian, and David Parker
(2010) Conviviality and conflict: Pluralism, resilience and hope in inner-city Birmingham. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37.3: 355-372. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Landau, Loren B., and Iriann Freemantle
(2009) Tactical cosmopolitanism and idioms of belonging: Insertion and self-exclusion in Johannesburg. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36.3: 375-390. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levinson, Stephen
(1992) Activity types and language. In Paul Drew, and John Heritage (eds.), Talk at work: Interaction in institutional settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 66-100. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Ochs, Elinor, and Lisa Capps
(2001) Living narrative. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Rohdewohld, Rainer
(2003) Decentralization and the Indonesian bureacracy: Major changes, minor impact? In Edward Aspinall, and Greg Fealy (eds.), Local power and politics in Indonesia: Decentralisation and democratisation. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pp. 259-274. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ryoo, Hye-Kyung
(2005) Achieving friendly interactions: A study of service encounters between Korean shopkeepers and African-American customers. Discourse and Society 16.1: 79-105. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Smith-Hefner, Nancy
(1983) Language and social identity: Speaking Javanese in Tengger. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Michigan: University of Michigan.Google Scholar
Tannen, Deborah
(1984) Conversational style: Analyzing talk among friends. Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex.  BoPGoogle Scholar
(1989) Talking voices: Repetition, dialogue, and imagery in conversational discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  BoPGoogle Scholar
Werbner, Pnina
(1997) Introduction: The dialectics of cultural hybridity. In Pnina Werbner, and Tariq Modood (eds.), Debating cultural hybridity. multi-cultural identities and the politics of anti-racism. London & New Jersey: Zed Books, pp. 1-28.Google Scholar
Williams, Q., and C. Stroud
(2013) Multilingualism in transformative spaces: Contact and conviviality. Language Policy 12.4: 289-311. Crossref  BoPGoogle Scholar
Wise, Amanda, and Selvaraj Velayutham
(eds) (2009) Everyday multiculturalism. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wolff, John, and Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo
(1982) Communicative codes in Central Java. New York: Cornell University.Google Scholar