Sansür [Censorship]

Denise Merkle

Çeviri Ayşe Ongun & Müge Işıklar Koçak

İçindekiler

Sansür ve çeviri araştırmaları, ideolojinin çeviriler üzerinde etkisinin görüldüğü uç örneklere odaklanmaktadır. Bu çalışma alanı “bizi çeviribilimin en önemli ideolojik yönlerinden bazılarıyla tanıştırır.” (Tymoczko, Ní Chuilleanáin vd. 2009: 45). Sansür, estetik, ahlaki, siyasi, askeri ve dini sebeplerle gerekçelendirilmiştir; ayrıca yeniden yazım (yaratıcılık) ve çeviri arasındaki ilişki, aktarım sürecine [transfer process] dâhil olan aktörler ağı, çeviriyle ilgili failler, çeviri etiği [ethics of translation] gibi farklı açılardan ele alınmıştır. Sansür, her zaman, çeviri sürecinde masum çevirmenlerin baskıcı rejimlerle karşı karşıya kaldığı kutuplaştırılmış ikili durumların bir sonucu değildir. Sansür, geleneksel olarak zalimler ve mağdurların olduğu tehditkâr ve baskıcı bir olgu olarak ele alınmış olsa da 21. yüzyılda sansür ve çeviri üzerine yapılan araştırmalar, bu karmaşık olguya daha geniş bir perspektiften bakmamızı sağlamaktadır.

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Kaynakça

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