Nike K. Pokorn
Table of contents

When we talk about directionality in translating and interpreting we are focussing on the direction of transfer, i.e. whether translators or interpreters are working away from or into their first, native or dominant language. However, in contemporary TS the term usually indicates the practice when translators or interpreters work into their foreign language. This practice has been described by a plethora of expressions in TS, including ‘le thème’ (Ladmiral 1979), ‘service translation’ (Newmark 1988), ‘inverse translation’ (Beeby 1996), ‘reverse translation’, ‘translation into the second language’ (Campbell 1998), ‘translation into the non-primary language’ (Grosman et al. 2000), ‘translation into a non-mother tongue’ (Pokorn 2005), and ‘translation A-B’ (Kelly et al. 2003: 33–42), and has lately received a great deal of scholarly attention.

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Further reading

Campbell, Stuart
1998Translation into the Second Language. London/New York: Longman.  TSBGoogle Scholar
Kelly, Dorothy, Anne Martin, Marie-Louise Nobs, Dolores Sánchez & Catherine Way
(eds) 2003La Direccionalidad en Traducción e Interpretación. Granada: Atrio.  TSBGoogle Scholar
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Pokorn, Nike K
2005Challenging the tradtional axioms: translating into a non-mother tongue. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Prunč, Erich
2000“Translation in die Nicht-Muttersprache und Translationskultur.” In Translation into Non-mother Tongues in Professional Practice and Training, Meta Grosman, Mira Kadrič, Irena Kovačič, Mary Snell-Hornby (eds), 5–20. Tübingen: Stauffenburg.Google Scholar