Laughter is ubiquitous in interaction: it occurs in all kinds of contexts and circumstances. And while it might be thought to be lacking the same kind of structure that underpins verbal elements of communication, there is now a large body of research clearly demonstrating that it is highly ordered. Furthermore it plays a central role in the management of communication, contributing to interaction in diverse and vital ways. Because it is non-verbal, highly ambiguous and complex, its ‘meaning’ or contribution to talk is hard to pin down. However, in the past few decades, burgeoning interest in laughter has spurred considerable progress in understanding the contributions it makes as well as, to a lesser extent, the forms it takes.
1989“Laughter and dialogue: The social significance of laughter in institutional discourse.”Nordic Journal of Linguistics 12: 107–136.
Adelswärd, V. and B. Öberg
1998“The function of laughter and joking in negotiation activities.”Humor: International Journal of Humor Research 11: 411–429.
2009“What is so Funny about Children? Laughter in Parent-Practitioner Interaction.”International Journal of Early Years Education 17(2): 105–118.
Arminen, I. and M. Halonen
2007 ”Laughing with and at patients – the roles of laughter in confrontations in addiction therapy.” The Qualitative Report 12(3): 483–512.
2005“Humor.” In Handbook of Pragmatics (2nd edition.) ed. by J. Verschueren, J. Östman, J. Blommaert, and C. Bulcaen, 1–18. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. BoP
Auburn, T. and C. Pollock
2013.”Laughter and competence: Children with severe autism using laughter to joke and tease.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 135–160. London: Bloomsbury.
Beach, WA. and P.J. Glenn
2011 “Bids and responses to intimacy as ‘gendered enactments’. ”In Conversation and Gender. ed. by S.A. Speer and E. Stokoe 210–228. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bonin, F., N. Campbell and C. Vogel
2014“Time for laughter.”Knowledge-Based Systems 71: 15–24.
2001“Therapeutic Humor in Retelling the Clients’ Tellings.”Text 21(3): 303–326. BoP
Clarke, M. and R. Wilkinson
2009“The collaborative construction of non-serious episodes of interaction by non-speaking children with cerebral palsy and their peers.”Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 23: 583–597.
2013“No laughing matter: Laughter and resistance in the construction of identity.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. By P. Glenn and E. Holt, 223–236. London: Bloomsbury.
2007“Talk in a Play Frame: More on Laughter and Intimacy.”Journal of Pragmatics 39: 29–49. BoP
1987“Po-faced receipts of teases.”Linguistics 25: 219–253.
Drew, P. and J. Heritage
1992 ”Analyzing talk at work: An introduction.” In Talk at work; Interaction in institutional settings. ed. by P. Drew and J. Heritage, 3–65. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2005.”Moaning, whinging and laughing: The subjective side of complaints.” Discourse Studies 7(1): 5–29. BoP
1997“Laughing Together: Laughter as a Feature of Affiliation in French Conversation.”Journal of French Language Studies 7(02): 147–161.
Fatigante, M. and F. Orletti
2013“Laughter and smiling in a three-party medical encounter: Negotiating participants’ alignment in delicate moments.” In Studies of laughter in interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 161–184. London: Bloomsbury.
Ford, C.E. and B.A. Fox
2010“Multiple practices for constructing laughables.” In Prosody in interaction, ed. by D. Barth-Weingarten, E. Reber and M. Selting, 339–368. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
1995“Turn-initial versus turn-final laughter: Two techniques for initiating remedy in English/Italian bookshop service encounters.”Discourse Processes 19: 369–384. BoP
1989“Initiating shared laughter in multi-party interactions.”Western Journal of Speech Communication 53: 127–149.
1991/1992“Current speaker initiation of two-party shared laughter.”Research on Language and Social Interaction 25: 139–62. BoP
1995“Laughing at and laughing with: Negotiating participant alignments through conversational laughter.” In Situated Order: Studies in the Organization of Talk and Embodied Activities, ed. by P. ten Have and G. Psathas, 43–56. Washington, DC: University Press of America.
2003Laughter in Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BoP
2008“Voice, prosody, and laughter.” In The International Encyclopedia of Communication, ed. by W. Donsbach, 5329–5331. Oxford: Blackwell.
2010“Interviewer Laughs: Shared Laughter and Asymmetries in Employment Interviews.”Journal of Pragmatics 42: 1485–98. BoP
2013“Interviewees volunteered laughter in employment interviews: A case of ‘nervous’ laughter?.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 255–276. London: Bloomsbury.
Glenn, P.J. and E. Holt
(eds.)2013Studies of Laughter in Interaction. London: Bloomsbury.
Greatbatch, D. and T. Clark
2003“Displaying group cohesiveness: Humour and laughter in the public lectures of management gurus.”Human Relations 56(12): 1515–1544.
1998“Humour as Resistance to Professional Dominance in Community Mental Health Teams.”Sociology of Health and Illness 20(6): 874–895.
2004“On the Meanings and Uses of Laughter in Research Interviews: Relationships Between Interviewed Men and a Woman Interviewer.”Young: Nordic Journal of Youth research 12(1): 31–49.
2001 “Laughter as a patient’s resource: Dealing with delicate aspects of medical interaction.” Text 21(1/2): 187–219.
2002“Laughter in medical interaction: From quantification to analysis, and back.”Journal of Sociolinguistics 6(2): 207–235. BoP
Haakana, M. and M-L. Sorjonen
2011“Invoking another context: Playfulness in buying lottery tickets at convenience stores.”Journal of Pragmatics 43: 1288–1302. BoP
Hepburn A. and S. Varney
2013 “Beyond ((laughter)): Some notes on transcription.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 25–38. London: Bloomsbury.
1984Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.
2010“The Last Laugh: Shared Laughter and Topic Termination.”Journal of Pragmatics 42: 1513–25. BoP
2011“On the nature of 'laughables': Laughter as a response to overdone figurative phrases.”Pragmatics 21(3): 393–410.
2012“Using laugh responses to defuse complaints.”Research on Language and Social Interaction 45(4): 430–448.
2013“‘There’s many a true word said in jest’: Seriousness and non-seriousness in interaction.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 69–90. London: Bloomsbury.
Ikeda, K. and D. Bysouth
2013“Laughter and turn-taking: Warranting next speakership in multiparty interactions.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 39–64. London: Bloomsbury.
2013“‘Cause the text book says…’: Laughter and student challenges in ESL classroom.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 185–200. London: Bloomsbury.
1979“A technique for inviting laughter and its subsequent acceptance/declination.” In Everyday Language: Studies in Ethnomethodology, ed. by G. Psathas, 70–96. New York: Irvington. BoP
1984“On the organization of laughter in talk about troubles.” In Structures of Social Action; Studies in Conversation Analysis, ed. by J.M. Atkinson and J. Heritage, 346–369. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BoP
1985“An exercise in the transcription and analysis of laughter.” In Handbook of Discourse Analysis; Volume 3: Discourse and Dialogue, ed. by T.A. van Dijk, 25–34. London: Academic Press.
2004“A note on laughter in ‘male-female’ interaction.”Discourse Studies 6: 117–133. BoP
Jefferson, G., H. Sacks and E. Schegloff
1987.”Notes on laughter in pursuit of intimacy.” In Talk and social organization ed. by G. Button and J, Lee, 152–205. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Kangasharju, H. and T. Nikko
2009.”Emotions in organizations; Joint laughter in workplace meetings.” Journal of Business Communication 46(1): 100–119.
Kaukomaa, T., A. Peräkylä and J. Ruusuvuori
2013“Turn-opening smiles: Facial expression constructing emotional transition in conversation.”Journal of Pragmatics 55: 21–42. BoP
Kipper, S. and D. Todt
2003.”The role of rhythm and pitch in the evaluation of human laughter.” Journal of Nonverbal Behaviour 27(4):255–272.
Kovarsky, D., C. Schiemer and A. Murray
2011“Humor, rapport and uncomfortable moments in interactions with adults with traumatic brain injury.”Topics in Language Disorder 31(4): 325–335.
Lavin, D. and D.W. Maynard
2001“Standardization vs. rapport: Respondent laughter and interviewer reaction during telephone surveys.”American Sociological Review 66: 453–479.
Lavin, D. and D.W. Maynard
2002“Standardization vs. rapport: How interviewers handle the laughter of respondents during telephone surveys.” In Standardization and Tacit Knowledge: Interaction and Practice in the Survey Interview ed. by D.W. Maynard, H. Houtkoop-Steenstra, , and J. van der Zouwen, 335–365. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Liebscher, G. and J. Dailey-O’Cain
2013“Constructing identities through laughter.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 237–254. London: Bloomsbury.
Markaki, V., S. Merlino, L. Mondada and F. Oloff
2010“Laughter in professional meetings: The organization of an emergent ethnic joke.”Journal of Pragmatics 42(6): 1526–1542. BoP
2009“Dealing with life changes: Humor in painful self-disclosures by Elderly Japanese Women.”Aging and Society 29: 929–952.
2011“Painful to playful: Quotidian frames in the conversational discourse of Older Japanese Women.”Language in Society 40(5): 591–616.
O’Donnell-Trujillo, N. and K. Adams
1983“Heheh in conversation: Some coordinating accomplishments of laughter.”The Western Journal of Speech Communication 47: 175–191.
2004“On laughter and disagreement in multiparty assessment talk.”Text 24(4): 517–545. BoP
Pomeroy, L. and A. Weatherall
2014“Responding to Client Laughter as Therapeutic Actions in Practice.”Qualitative Research in Psychology 11: 420–434.
Potter, J. and A. Hepburn
2010“Putting aspiration into words: ‘Laugh particles’, managing descriptive trouble and modulating action.”Journal of Pragmatics 42(6): 1526–1542. BoP
2000Laughter: A Scientific Investigation. New York: Viking. BoP
2013“Interviewee laughter and disaffiliation in broadcast news interviews.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 201–220. London: Bloomsbury.
Rees, C.E. and L.V. Monrouxe
2010“‘I should be lucky ha hahaha’: The construction of power, identity and gender through laughter within medical workplace learning encounters.”Journal of Pragmatics 42: 3384–3399.
1984.”Notes on methodology.” In Structures of social action; Studies in conversation analysis, ed. by and J. Heritage, 21–27. Cambridge University Press.
1992Lectures on Conversation, Volumes I and II, edited by Gail Jefferson. Oxford: Blackwell.
Schenkein, J. N.
1972“Towards an analysis of natural conversation and the sense of heheh.”Semiotica 6: 344–377.
Shaw, C., A. Hepburn and J. Potter
2013“Having the last laugh: On post-completion laughter particles.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 91–106. London: Bloomsbury.
2008“Stance, alignment and affiliation during storytelling: When nodding is a token of affiliation.”Research on Language and Social Interaction 41(1): 31–57. BoP
Tanaka, H. and N. Campbell
2014“Classification of social laughter in natural conversational speech.”Computer Speech and Language 28: 314–325.
2013“Laughter in bilingual medical interactions: Displaying resistance to doctor’s talk in a Mexican village.” In Studies of Laughter in Interaction, ed. by P. Glenn and E. Holt, 107–130. London: Bloomsbury.
Van Hooff, J.A.R.A.M.
1972 “A comparative approach to the phylogeny of laughter and smiling.” In Non-verbal Communication, ed. by R.A. Hinde, 209–241. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vettin, J. and D. Todt
2004“Laughter in conversation: Features of occurrence and acoustic structure.”Journal of Nonverbal Behaviour 28(2): 93–115.
2010“Local identity processes in business meetings displayed through laughter in complaint sequence.”Journal of Pragmatics 42(6): 1556–1576. BoP
2013“Young children’s use of laughter after transgressions.”Research on Language and Social Interaction 46(4): 363–382. BoP
1984Routine Complications: Troubles with Talk Between Doctors and Patients. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. BoP
2007“Managing linguistic incompetence as a delicate issue in aphasic talk-in-interaction: On the use of laughter in prolonged repair sequences.”Journal of Pragmatics 39(3): 542–569. BoP
Zayts, O., and S. Schnurr
2011“Laughter as medical providers’ resource: Negotiating informed choice in prenatal genetic counseling.”Research on Language and Social Interaction 44(1): 1–20. BoP