Translation universals

Andrew Chesterman

Table of contents

Research on translation universals emerges from a convergence of influences. The first is the old idea that translations are recognizably different from other texts. There is a long tradition of comments about translations sounding unnatural, which has led to the notion of “translationese”. Similarly, it has long been recognized that some aspects of the source text and its meaning or style are typically “lost in translation” (see Stylistics and translation). Underlying both these traditions is the assumption that any translation shares characteristics with other translations, since otherwise no generalization about typical weaknesses could be made in the first place.

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References

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Further reading

Chesterman, A
2007“What is a unique item?” In Doubts and Directions in Translation Studies, Y. Gambier et al.. (eds), 3–13. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins  TSB. Crossref logoGoogle Scholar
Halverson, S
2003“The cognitive basis of translation universals.” Target 15 (2): 197–241. Crossref logo  TSBGoogle Scholar
House, J
2008“Beyond Intervention. Universals in translation?” trans-kom 1 (1): 6–19.  TSBGoogle Scholar
Klaudy, K
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Pym, Anthony
2008“On Toury's laws of how translators translate.” In Beyond Descriptive Translation Studies, A. Pym et al. (eds), 311–328. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins. Crossref logoGoogle Scholar
Ulrych, M
2009“Translating and editing as mediated discourse: focus on the recipient.” In Translators and Their Readers. In Homage to Eugene A. Nida, R. Dimitriu & M. Shlesinger (eds), 219–234. Brussels: Editions du Hasard.Google Scholar