Venessa F. Manna
List of John Benjamins publications for which Venessa F. Manna plays a role.
Subjects Applied linguistics | Language acquisition | Language teaching
This chapter describes a study to map scores from a new English language proficiency assessment, the TOEFL® Essentials™ test, to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). The project started with a comparison of content between the TOEFL Essentials test and the CEFR descriptors, which… read more | Chapter
This chapter provides a framework for building vertical scales, for language assessments in general and for the TOEFL® Family of Assessments in particular. Topics covered include aspects of vertical scale design (growth definitions, vertical articulation, data collection), statistical methods for… read more | Chapter
The primary motivation for administering a language test is to use its scores to facilitate decisions of various kinds about language proficiency. Score-based decisions can be extremely consequential, both for test takers but also for test score users, such as universities and employers, and… read more | Chapter