References

References

Abed, S. B.
(2007) Arabic language and culture amid the demands of globalization. Abu Dhabi, UAE: The Emirates Centre for Strategic Studies and Research.Google Scholar
Ahmed, A.
(2010) October6. Being taught in English ‘undermines local identity.’ The National. Retrieved from http://​www​.thenational​.ae​/news​/uae​-news​/education​/ being​-taught​-in​-english​-undermines​-local​-identity
Al-Issa, A.
(2012) February9. Arabic must be the focus in pursuit of ‘true’ bilingualism. The National. Retrieved from http://​www​.thenational​.ae​/ thenationalconversation
Al-Issa, A., & Dahan, L. S.
(2011) Global English and endangered Arabic in the United Arab Emirates. In A. Al-Issa & L. S. Dahan (Eds.), Global English and Arabic: Issues of language, culture, and identity (pp. 1–22). Oxford: Peter Lang Publishers. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Al Khan, M. N.
(2013) May14. Arabic is not dead but teaching must improve, UAE report shows. The National. Retrieved from http://​www​.thenational​.ae​/new​/uae​-news​/arabic​-is​-not​-dead
Al Mutawa, M. A.
(2008) November23. Fostering a national identity. Gulf News. Retrieved from http://​gulfnews​.com​/news​.gulf​.uae​/fostering​-a​-national​-identity
Al Saayegh, F.
Badry, F.
(2011) Appropriating English: Languages in identity construction in the United Arab Emirates. In A. Al-Issa & L. S. Dahan (Eds.), Global English and Arabic: Issues of language, culture, and identity (pp. 81–122). Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
(2012) Education in the UAE: Local identity and global development. In Essentials of school education in the UAE. Abu Dhabi, UAE: ECSSR Publications.Google Scholar
Bartlett, T.
(2013) Constructing local voices through English as a lingua franca: A study from intercultural development discourse. In E. J. Erling, & P. Seargeant (Eds.), English and development: Policy, pedagogy and globalization (pp. 163–181). Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Benkharafa, M.
(2013) The present situation of the Arabic language and the Arab world commitment to Arabization. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, I(2), 201–208. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
British Council
(2013) The 2013 British Council award for ELT writing. Retrieved from https://​www​.britishcouncil​.org​/organisation​/press​/2013​-elt​-writing​-award
Block, D.
(2006) Identity in applied linguistics. In T. Omoniyi, & G. White, (Eds.), The sociolinguistics of identity (pp. 34–49). London: Continuum.Google Scholar
(2007a) The rise of identity in SLA research, post Firth and Wagner (1997) The Modern Language Journal, 91(5), 863–876. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2007b) Second language identities. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
(2010) Researching language and identity. In B. Paltridge & A. Phakiti (Eds.), Continuum companion to research methods in applied linguistics (pp. 337–349).London: Continuum.Google Scholar
Boyle, R.
(2011) Patterns of change in English as a lingua franca in the UAE. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 21(2), 143–161. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bucholtz, M., & Hall, K.
(2010) Locating identity in language. In C. Llamas & D. Watt (Eds.), Language and identities (pp. 18–36). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Canagarajah, A. S.
(2006) Negotiating the local in English as a lingua franca. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 26, 197–218. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2007) Lingua franca English, multilingual communities, and language acquisition. Modern Language Journal, 91, 923–939. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Carmichael, J.
(1967) The shaping of the Arabs: A study in ethnic identity. New York NY: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Constantine, Z.
(2007) September 9. English slowly becoming ‘mother tongue’ for all. Gulf News. Retrieved from http://​gulfnews​.com​/news​/uae​/general​/english​-slowly​-becoming​-mother​-tongue​-for​-all​-1​.202558
Crystal, D.
(2003) English as a global language (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Duff, P. A., & Uchida, Y.
(1997) The negotiation of teachers’ sociocultural identities and practices in post-secondary EFL classrooms. TESOL Quarterly, 31(3), 451–486. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, J.
(1985) Language, society, and identity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
Elbeheri, G., Mahfoudhi, A., & Everatt, J.
(2009) Perspectives from the Arab world. Perspectives on Language and Literacy, 35(1), 9–12.Google Scholar
Findlow, S.
(2006) Higher education and linguistic dualism in the Arab Gulf. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 27(1), 19–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fishman, J. A.
(2000) Who speaks what language to whom and when. In L. Wei (Ed.), The bilingualism reader (pp. 89–106). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Fussell, B.
(2011) The local flavour of English in the Gulf. English Today, 27(4), 26–32. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gallagher, K.
(2011) Bilingual education in the UAE: Factors, variable and critical questions. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 4(1), 62–79. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gumperz, J. J., & Cook-Gumperz, J.
(1982) Introduction: Language and the communication of social identity. In J. J. Gumperz (Ed.), Language and social identity (pp. 1–22). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Habboush, M.
(2009) March 22. Classical Arabic makes a comeback. The National. Retrieved from http://​www​.thenational​.ae​/news​/uae​-news​/education
Issa, W.
(2013) March 6. Call to boost Arabic in universities. The National, 1&4.Google Scholar
Jaworski, A., & Coupland, N.
(Eds.) (1999) The discourse reader. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Jenkins, J.
(2007) English as a lingua franca: Attitude and identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Joseph, J. E.
(2004) Language and identity: National, ethnic, religious. Houndsmills, UK: Palgrave MacMillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lemke, J. L.
(2008) Identity, development, and desire: Critical questions. In C. R. Caldas-Coulthard, & R. Iedema (Eds.), Identity trouble (pp. 17–42). Houndsmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lepeska, D.
(2010) March 26. Qatari professor urges massive effort to prevent death of Arabic. The National. Retrieved from http://​www​.thenational​.ae​/news​/world​/ middle​-east​/qatari​-professor​-urges​-massive​-effort​-to​-prevent​-death​-of​-arabic
Leung, C., Harris, R., & Rampton, B.
(1997) The idealised native speaker, reified ethnicities, and classroom realities. TESOL Quarterly, 31(3), 543–560. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G.
(1985) Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Llamas, C., & Watt, D.
(Eds.) (2010) Language and identities. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Maalouf, A.
(2000) On identity. London: The Harvill Press.Google Scholar
Malesevic, S.
(2006) Identity as ideology: Understanding ethnicity and nationalism. Houndsmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McBeath, N.
(2007) English as a lingua franca in the Arab Gulf. IATEFL Voices, 199, 7.Google Scholar
Merriam, S. B.
(1995) What can you tell from an N of 1?: Issues of validity and reliability in qualitative research. PAACE Journal of Lifelong Learning, 4, 51–60.Google Scholar
Omoniyi, T.
(2006) Hierarchy of identities. In T. Omoniyi, & G. White (Eds.), The sociolinguistics of identity (pp. 11–33). London: Continuum.Google Scholar
Omoniyi, T., & White, G.
(Eds.) (2006) The sociolinguistics of identity. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
Ottaway, D. B.
(2010) The Arab tomorrow. The Wilson Quarterly, 34(1), 48–64.Google Scholar
Pavlenko, A., & Blackledge, A.
(Eds.) (2004) Negotiations of identities in multilingual contexts. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Phillipson, R.
(1992) Linguistic imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
(1998) Globalizing English: Are linguistic human rights an alternative to linguistic imperialism? Language Sciences, 20(1), 101–112. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2011) English: From British Empire to corporate empire. Sociolinguistic Studies, 5(3), 441–464. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Prodromou, L.
(2008) English as a lingua franca: A corpus-based analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Randall, M., & Samimi, M. A.
(2010) The status of English in Dubai. English Today, 26(1), 43–50. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ronesi, L.
(2011) Who am I as an Arab English-speaker? Perspectives from female university students in the United Arab Emirates. In A. Al-Issa, & L. S. Dahan (Eds.) Global English and Arabic: Issues of language, culture, and identity (pp. 49–80). Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Salameh, F.
(2011) Does anyone speak Arabic? Middle East Quarterly, 18(4), 47–60.Google Scholar
Schecter, S. R., & Bayley, R.
(1997) Language socialization practices and cultural identity. TESOL Quarterly, 31(3), 513–541. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Suleiman, Y.
(2003) The Arabic language and national identity: A study in ideology. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
(2011) Arabic, self and identity: A study in conflict and displacement. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Swan, M.
(2012) April 26. Arabic school aims to boost popularity of the language. The National, p. 6.Google Scholar
Tabouret-Keller, A.
(1997) Language and identity. In F. Coulmas (Ed.), The handbook of sociolinguistics (pp. 316–326). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Taylor, D. M.
(2002) The quest for identity. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
Teaching Arabic needs serious push
Troudi, S.
(2007) The effects of English as a medium of instruction. In A. Jendli, S. Troudi, & C. Coombe (Eds.), The power of language: Perspectives from Arabia (pp. 3–19). Dubai: TESOL Arabia.Google Scholar
Zughoul, M. R.
(2002) The power of language and the language of power in higher education in the Arab world: Conflict, dominance and shift. College of Islamic and Arabic Studies Journal, 23. Retrieved from www​. tesolislamia​.org​/articles​/html
(2003) Globalization and EFL/ESL pedagogy in the Arab world. Journal of Language and Learning, 1(2), 106–142.Google Scholar