5. The role of prior knowledge in L3 learning and use
Further evidence of psychotypological dimensions
This chapter reports on two studies. The first study examines the learning of French as an L3 by Anglophone students of French whose L2 was Irish and by balanced bilinguals. The second study investigates German as L3 with reference to two groups of English-speaking participants who have Irish as a longstanding L2. The studies show the psychotypological factor to be an important component of participants’ cross-linguistic consultation when faced with challenges in their L3.
Cited by 16 other publications
. Plurilingualism and monolingualism in foreign language classrooms: The perspective of EFL teachers in Saudi Arabia
. Journal of Language and Cultural Education
pp. 15 ff.
Aronin, Larissa & Laurent Moccozet
. Dominant Language Constellations: towards online computer-assisted modelling
. International Journal of Multilingualism ►
pp. 1 ff.
. Formas lexicais desviantes por aprendizes de Português L2
. Revista Linguagem em Foco
pp. 134 ff.
Hofer, Barbara & Ulrike Jessner
. Multilingualism at the primary level in South Tyrol: how does multilingual education affect young learners’ metalinguistic awareness and proficiency in L1, L2 and L3?
. The Language Learning Journal
pp. 76 ff.
. Dynamics of Multilingualism
. In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics
Laoire, Muiris Ó.
. Learners’ Reflections on Their Narratives on L2 and L3 Learning
. In Essential Topics in Applied Linguistics and Multilingualism
[Second Language Learning and Teaching
, ], ►
pp. 235 ff.
. English as a lingua franca in Europe: bilingualism and multicompetence
. International Journal of Multilingualism
pp. 83 ff.
. Multi-competence and English as a lingua franca
. In The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Multi-Competence
pp. 478 ff.
. Linguistic plurality in context
. European Journal of Language Policy
pp. 3 ff.
Nelson, Christina, Iga Krzysik, Halina Lewandowska & Magdalena Wrembel
. Multilingual learners’ perceptions of cross-linguistic distances: a proposal for a visual psychotypological measure
. Language Awareness
pp. 176 ff.
Pfenninger, Simone & Richard Watts
. English in Switzerland
. In English in the German-Speaking World
pp. 315 ff.
Singleton, David & Colin J. Flynn
Singleton, David & Simone E. Pfenninger
. Exploring a poorly understood variable: An agenda for classroom research on the age factor
. Language Teaching
pp. 111 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 3 march 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.