Records of Real People

Linguistic variation in Middle English local documents

Editors
| University of Stavanger
| University of Stavanger
HardboundForthcoming
ISBN 9789027207951 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
e-BookOrdering information
ISBN 9789027260482 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
English local documents – leases, wills, accounts, letters and the like – provide a unique resource for historical sociolinguistics. Abundant from the early fifteenth century, they represent the language and concerns of people from a wide range of social, institutional and geographical backgrounds. However, as relatively few documents have been available digitally or in print, they have been an underresearched resource.

This volume shows the tremendous potential of late- and post-medieval English local documents: highly variable in language, often colourful, including developing formulae as well as glimpses of actual recorded speech. The volume contains eleven chapters relating to a new resource, A Corpus of Middle English Local Documents (MELD). The first four chapters outline a theoretical and methodological approach to the study of local documents. The remaining seven present studies of different aspects of the material, including supralocalization, local patterns of spelling and morphology, land terminology, punctuation, formulaicness and multilingualism.

[Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, 11]  Expected December 2020.  ix, 309 pp. + index
Publishing status: In production
Table of Contents
This is a provisional table of contents, and subject to changes.
Acknowledgements
vii–viii
Note on the cited texts and conventions
ix
Part I. Approaches to Middle English local documents
Chapter 1. Local documents as source material for the study of late medieval English
Merja Stenroos and Kjetil V. Thengs
3–22
Chapter 2. Grouping and regrouping Middle English documents
Martti Mäkinen
23–36
Chapter 3. The categorization of Middle English documents: Interactions of function, form and language
Merja Stenroos, Geir Bergstrøm and Kjetil V. Thengs
37–68
Chapter 4. The geography of Middle English documentary texts
Merja Stenroos and Kjetil V. Thengs
69–92
Part II. Text communities and geographical variation
Chapter 5. Regional variation and supralocalization in late medieval English: Comparing administrative and literary texts
Merja Stenroos
95–128
Chapter 6. Cambridge: A University town
Geir Bergstrøm
129–154
Chapter 7. Knutsford and Nantwich: Scribal variation in late medieval Cheshire
Kjetil V. Thengs
155–174
Chapter 8. Land documents as a source of word geography
Merja Stenroos
175–202
Part III. Social and pragmatic variation
Chapter 9. The pragmatics of punctuation in Middle English documentary texts
Jeremy J. Smith
205–218
Chapter 10. Ventriloquism or individual voice: Formulaic language in heresy abjurations
Kenneth Solberg-Harestad
219–248
Chapter 11. Multilingual practices in Middle English documents
Merja Stenroos and Delia Schipor
249–277
References
279–296
List of cited documents
297–306
References

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List of cited documents

This list provides the archive references and dates for those documents which are cited or referred to in the chapters, except for the subcorpora studied in Chapters 7 and 8, for which separate lists are given at the end of each chapter. A complete catalogue of the MELD documents is available on the MELD website.

MELD code County Archive reference Date
D0032 Staffs Lichfield RO: D 126/5/17 (fols 4r–8r) 1475–76
D0036 Staffs Stafford, Staffordshire RO: D 593/B/1/23/2/16 verso (16a1)
D0056 Ches Chester, Cheshire RO: DLT/A1/16 1440
D0066 Wales London, British Library: Cotton Cleopatra Fiii, fol. 102r 1407c
D0067 Wales London, British Library: Cotton Cleopatra Fiii, fol. 102v 1407c
D0074 Shrops Shrewsbury, Shropshire Archives: 5586/2/1/77 1465–66
D0079 Ches Sheffield, Sheffield Archives: Bagshaw Collection 1374 1458
D0124 Wales Aberystwyth, NLW: Coed Coch 804 1497
D0125 Wales Aberystwyth, NLW: Coed Coch 786 1445
D0150 Shrops Shrewsbury, Shropshire Archives: 6000/2291 1454
D0167 Wales Shrewsbury, Shropshire Archives: 3365/2617/11 1462
D0178 Ches Keele UL: L 97 1512
D0215 Shrops Shrewsbury, Shropshire Archives: 6000/1185 1512
D0257 Durham Durham UL, Dean & Chapter muniments: 3.4. Spec. 6.2 1450
D0269 Cumb Durham UL, Dean & Chapter muniments: Locellus 25.19 1462
D0281 Oxfords Durham UL, Dean & Chapter muniments: Locellus 25.80 nd
D0321 Durham Durham UL, Dean & Chapter muniments: Misc. Charters 2661 nd
D0378 Wml Carlisle, Cumbria Archive Centre: DWYB/2/55 nd
D0406 Norfolk Cambridge, King’s College: COL/448 nd
D0432 Leics Leicester, The RO of Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland: 44’28/383 1512
D0494 Devon Exeter, Devon Heritage Centre: 264A/T72 1515
D0518 Suffolk Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire Archives: DD/M26/2 1498
D0522 Norfolk Cambridge, CUL, Weasenham Hall Muniments: Coke of Weasenham 2684 1485
D0542 Sussex Brighton, East Sussex RO: RAY 3/7/3 1475c
D0554 Sussex Woking, Surrey History Centre: LM/COR/1/9 1506–25
D0599 Sussex Chichester, West Sussex RO: CHICITY/AY/112 1512
D0629 Somerset Taunton, Somerset Archives: D/B/bw/390 1513
D0653 Norfolk Cambridge, CUL: Buxton 14/56 1503
D0744#4 Herefs Hereford, Herefordshire Archives: AL19/9, fol. 215 1437
D0744#5 Herefs Hereford, Herefordshire Archives: AL19/9, fols 223v–224r 1438
D0746#1 Herefs Hereford, Herefordshire Archives: AL19/12, fol. 25r 1505
D0765 Gloucs Bristol, Bristol RO: 40365/D/2/39 1451
D0836#17 YER York, York City Archives: Y/COU/1/4/1, York Memorandum Book vol IV, fol 279b 1425
D0858#12 Norfolk Norwich, Norfolk RO: Norwich Corporation Records, Case 17b/9 (k), p. 269 1469
D0873 Norfolk Norwich, Norfolk RO: AYL 145 1512
D2029 Notts Matlock, Derbyshire RO: D156/M/E/2/1 1456
D2041 Staffs Matlock, Derbyshire RO: D5236/8/16 1508
D2255#1 Oxfords Oxford, Oxfordshire History Centre: PAR211/4/F1/1/20 (fol. 11), recto 1444
D2314 Oxfords Oxford, Oxfordshire History Centre: PAR213/4/F1/1/10 (fol. 19) 1502
D2316 Oxfords Oxford, Oxfordshire History Centre: PAR213/4/F1/1/13 (fol. 25) 1504
D2318 Oxfords Oxford, Oxfordshire History Centre: PAR213/4/F1/1/15 (fol. 29) 1507
D2319 Oxfords Oxford, Oxfordshire History Centre: PAR213/4/F1/1/16 (fol. 31) 1508
D2328 Oxfords Oxford, Oxfordshire History Centre: PAR213/4/F1/1/25 (fol. 49) 1523
D2454 Suffolk London, British Library: Harley Charter 56.B.17 1426
D2459#1 Worcs Worcester, Worcester Cathedral Muniments: A.9, p. 48, item 1 (15b1)
D2464#3 Worcs Worcester, Worcester Cathedral Muniments: B.1653 (sheet 2, item 3) 1516
D2511#1 Worcs Worcester, Worcestershire Archives: 496.5/BA9360/C2/Box1/1 (fols 1r–24v) 1467
D2511#3 Worcs Worcester, Worcestershire Archives: 496.5/BA9360/C2/Box1/1 (fols 53v–54r) 1497
D2674 Essex Chelmsford, Essex RO: D/DBa T3/10 1515
D2682 Essex Chelmsford, Essex RO: D/DK/T229/7 1459
D2692a Essex Chelmsford, Essex RO: D/DL/T1/552 1499
D2692b Essex Chelmsford, Essex RO: D/DL/T1/553 1499
D2704 Essex Chelmsford, Essex RO: D/DU 886/41 1477
D2710a Gloucs Gloucester, Gloucestershire Archives: D326/T158 1481
D2788#1 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 19v) 1513
D2788#2 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 35v–36r) 1514
D2788#3 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 36r–v) 1514
D2788#4 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 44r) 1514
D2788#5 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 44v) 1514
D2788#6 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 45v) 1514
D2788#7 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 51r) 1514
D2788#8 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 63v) 1514
D2788#9 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 64r) 1514
D2788#10 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 65r) 1514
D2788#11 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 65v) 1514
D2788#12 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 67v) 1514
D2788#13 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 69r) 1514
D2788#14 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 75v) 1514
D2788#15 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 78v–79v) 1514
D2788#16 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 80r–v) 1514
D2788#17 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 85r–86r) 1514
D2788#18 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 92v) 1514
D2788#19 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 97v) 1515
D2788#20 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 102v) 1515
D2788#21 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 105v) 1515
D2788#22 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 107v–108r) 1515
D2788#23 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 113r) 1515
D2788#24 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 121v) 1515
D2788#25 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 126r) 1515
D2788#26 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 134v–135r) 1515
D2788#27 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 136v) 1515
D2788#28 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 143v) 1515
D2788#29 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 145v) 1515
D2788#30 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 147v) 1515
D2788#31 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 149r) 1515
D2788#32 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 180v) 1516
D2788#33 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 190v) 1516
D2788#34 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 195v) 1516
D2788#35 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 198v) 1516
D2788#36 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 205r–206v) 1516
D2788#37 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 207r) 1516
D2788#38 Kent Maidstone, Kent History and Library Centre: DRb/Pa6 (fol. 207v) 1517
D2910 Kent Canterbury, Canterbury Cathedral Archives: DCc-ChAnt/B/415 1486
D2968 Kent Canterbury, Canterbury Cathedral Archives: CCA-DCc-ChAnt/E/182A 1520
D3008 Suffolk Ipswich, Suffolk RO: HD 1538/365/41 1455
D3014 Suffolk Ipswich, Suffolk RO: C/6/7/6 1457
D3019 Suffolk Ipswich, Suffolk RO: HD 1538/202/1/156 1506
D3027 Suffolk Ipswich, Suffolk RO: EE5/6/45 1502
D3040 Hamps Winchester, Hampshire RO: W/D1/277 1522
D3049#1 Hamps Winchester, Hampshire RO: 21M65/A1/15, fol. 27r 1487–92
D3049#2 Hamps Winchester, Hampshire RO: 21M65/A1/15, fol. 45v 1491–1501
D3050 Hamps Winchester, Hampshire RO: 21M65/A1/16 (15b2–16a1)
D3102 Hamps Winchester, Hampshire RO: 44M69/D10/5/6 1495–96
D4142 Beds Bedford, Bedfordshire and Luton Archives: TW 464 1470
D4160#11 Middx London, London Metropolitan Archives: MS 645/1, fol. 237r–v 1515
D4169 Herts Hertford, Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies: DP/12/25/4/4 1491
D4195#3 Middx London, London Metropolitan Archives: COL/AD/01/009, fol. 209r-v 1418
D4201#2 Middx London, London Metropolitan Archives: CLA/024/01/02/051, membr. 6r 1421
D4223 Beds Northampton, Northamptonshire Archives Service: Finch-Hatton FH/B/C/K/545 1463–64
D4226 Beds Northampton, Northamptonshire Archives Service: Stopford Sackville 788 1451
D4227#20 Norths Northampton, Northamptonshire Archives Service: Northampton Borough Records, section IV/1/1, fols. 81v-83r 1509
D4298 Dorset Dorchester, Dorset History Centre: PE/WM/CW/1/32 1472
D4373#3 Notts Nottingham, Nottingham University Library: Mi L 3/2 (fols A 5r–8v) nd
D4422 Suffolk Sheffield, Sheffield Archives: JC/11/23 1447
D4440#17 Lincs Lincoln, Lincolnshire Archives: DIOC/REG/20, fol. 57r–v 1462
D4440#22 Lincs Lincoln, Lincolnshire Archives: DIOC/REG/20, fol. 62v, item 2 1464
D4530 Gloucs Bristol, Bristol RO: 8153/1/lxxi 1457
D4550 Cnw Truro, Cornwall RO: AR/4/832 1499
D4699a Rutland Leicester, the RO of Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland: DE3214/1971/1 1488
D4699b Rutland Leicester, the RO of Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland: DE3214/1971/2 1488
D5000 Bucks Aylesbury, Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies: CH1/T/9/4 1514
D5001 Bucks Aylesbury, Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies: PR240/3/1 1517
D5005 Bucks Aylesbury, Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies: D108/2/2 1480
D5028#2 Bucks Aylesbury, Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies: BAS/705/39, dorse 1506
D5031 Suffolk Lowestoft, Suffolk RO: HA12/B2/2/5 1485
D5035 Suffolk Lowestoft, Suffolk RO: HA12/B2/17/3 1509
D5040#6 Suffolk Lowestoft, Suffolk Record Office: 116/E1/1, p. 8–9 1524
D5086 Berks Aylesbury, Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies: BAS 49/53 1509
D6001#1 Cambs Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Archives: P30/4/1, fol. 2r 1504
D6001#4 Cambs Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Archives: P30/4/1, fol. 13r 1525–26
D6001#8 Cambs Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Archives: P30/4/1, fol. 13v 1518
D6006 Cambs Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Archives: City/PB Box X/80 1446
D6010 Cambs Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Archives: City/PB Box X/76 1496
D6014#1 Cambs Oxford, Bodleian Library: Rawlinson C 541, fols 1r–15r (hand A) 1473
D6014#2 Cambs Oxford, Bodleian Library: Rawlinson C 541, fols 15v–16r (hand B) 1504
D6018 Cambs Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Archives: L1/29 nd
D6019 Cambs Cambridge, Kinga’s College: GDH/31 1478
D6025 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: JEC/1 1518
D6026 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: CAM/91 1447
D6037 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GDH/31 (1489) 1489
D6040 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: DUN/80 (1522) 1522
D6041 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/255 1498
D6042 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/257 1519
D6044 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/589 (#1) 1518
D6057 Cambs Cambridge, St John’s College: D24/215 1501
D6063 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/702 1465–66
D6067 Cambs Cambridge, St John’s College: D19/136 1461
D6068 Cambs Cambridge, St John’s College: D17/115 1511
D6081 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: KCD/94 1513
D6082 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/701 1465–66
D6083 Cambs Cambridge, St. John’s College: D25/228 1501
D6086 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: KCD/0095 1513
D6088#1 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/264, fol 1r–22v 1436–37
D6088#2 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: GRA/264, fol. 22v 1436–37
D6090 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: Luard 128 1466
D6094 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: Luard 145a 1503
D6096 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: D.III.7 1483
D6103 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: Luard 145 1503
D6105 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: Collect.Admin.9 pp. 286–300 1503
D6130 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: CAM/3 1465
D6137#1 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: CAM/121 1447
D6140 Cambs Cambridge, King’s College: KCA/343 1447–66
D6141#4 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: VCCt.Wills.1, fols 4v–6r 1503
D6141#6 Cambs Cambridge, CUL: VCCt.Wills.1, fols 11v–12r 1504
L0064#1 Cambs Cambridge, Trinity College 1343 (O.7.15) Hand A, pp. 1–36 1431
L0064#2 Cambs Cambridge, Trinity College 1343 (O.7.15) Hand B, pp. 37–40 nd
L0064#3 Cambs Cambridge, Trinity College 1343 (O.7.15) Hand C, pp. 41–42 nd
L0081 Lancs Shrewsbury, Shropshire Archives: 3232/13 1418
L0084a Derbys Sheffield, Sheffield Archives: Bowles Deeds 64 1477–78
L0084b Derbys Sheffield, Sheffield Archives: Bowles Deeds 65 1477–78
L0090 Warwicks Göttingen UL: Cod. MS Jurid. 822/1/8 1450
L0120 Wml Carlisle, Cumbria Archive Centre: D/Stan/26 1441
L0282 Cambs London, PRO SC 8/23/1143 A 1414
L0321 Lancs London, British Library: Add. 53080 1453–54
L0472a Durham Durham UL, Dean & Chapter muniments: Locellus 9.11 1446–49
L0586#1 Lancs Oxford, Bodleian Library: Rawlinson B 460 (The Black Book of Clayton), fols 91r.9–91v.14 nd
L0586#2 Lancs Oxford, Bodleian Library: Rawlinson B 460 (The Black Book of Clayton), fols 91v.15–93v.11 nd
L1130#1 YER Beverley, Humberside County RO, DDCC/19/I, fols 1v–3r.15 1473
L1130#2 YER Beverley, Humberside County RO, DDCC/19/I, fols 3r.15–4r.19 1473
L1130#3 YER Beverley, Humberside County RO, DDCC/19/I, fols 4r.20–4r.35 1473
L1130#4 YER Beverley, Humberside County RO, DDCC/19/I, fols 4v–6v 1473
L1140 Staffs Göttingen UL: Cod. MS Jurid. 822/1/5 1446
L1141 Staffs Göttingen UL: Cod. MS Jurid. 822/1/3 1446
L1142 Staffs Göttingen UL: Cod. MS Jurid. 822/1/7 1446
L1144 Cumb Carlisle, Cumbria Archive Centre: D/Mus/Penrith/Medieval Deeds nd
L1196 Cumb Carlisle, Cumbria Archive Centre: DMus/Edenhall 2/2/100 nd
L1225 Nhb Woodhorn, Northumberland Archives: ZSW/02/70 1505
L1234 Wml Kendal, Sizergh Castle: album no 21 of Henry VI 1430–31
L1257 YER Beverley, BC/II/2, Corporation Records: Town Cartulary nd
L1288 Wales Aberystwyth, NLW: Coed Coch 793 recto 1471
L1289 Wales Aberystwyth, NLW: Coed Coch 793 verso nd
L1363 Wales London, British Library: Cotton Cleopatra Fiii, fol. 104r 1411–12
Subjects
BIC Subject: CFF – Historical & comparative linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009010 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Historical & Comparative
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2020032626