Although there exists a number of studies that have shown the benefits of applying the cognitive linguistics notion of motivation to foster comprehension and retention of conventional English metaphors, relatively little attention has been paid to EFL learners’ productive use of metaphor in speech and writing. Using data gathered in a post-intermediate English language classroom, I describe and explore the metaphorical language used by undergraduate students in their writing. The data show that learners use metaphor to express their ideas on complex, abstract topics, but that the resulting metaphorical usage is not always conventional or felicitous. Since metaphor is deployed by EFL learners in response to particular communication demands, teachers need to find ways of providing appropriate feedback on learners’ efforts to make use of their limited linguistic resources to express their own meanings. However, how effective feedback is to be given is not always straightforward. I discuss some of the problems involved and suggest areas that are in need of further research.
2018. Gauging the association of EFL learners’ writing proficiency and their use of metaphorical language. System 74 ► pp. 1 ff.
Ikuta, Miki & Koji Miwa
2021. Structure Mapping in Second-Language Metaphor Processing. Metaphor and Symbol 36:4 ► pp. 288 ff.
Kelso, Josephine Meadows
2018. Boundaries and hybrid blends: How one multilingual narrator displays symbolic competence in a college writing class. Linguistics and Education 45 ► pp. 50 ff.
2023. ‘Eyebrow Heads’ and ‘Yummy Mummies’: Metaphor and Second Language Learning. In Applying Cognitive Linguistics to Second Language Learning and Teaching, ► pp. 125 ff.
2021. “Desire Is Like a Dreadful Monster”: Analysis of Extended Metaphors in L2 Argumentative Essays by Chinese Learners of English. Frontiers in Psychology 12
2022. CL-oriented approaches to teaching phrasal verbs. A report on EFL classroom-based research. HUMAN REVIEW. International Humanities Review / Revista Internacional de Humanidades 11:Monográfico ► pp. 1 ff.
O’Reilly, David & Emma Marsden
2023. Elicited metaphoric competence in a second language: a construct associated with vocabulary knowledge and general proficiency?. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 61:2 ► pp. 287 ff.
2012. 2012 Third International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications, ► pp. 344 ff.
2023. Metaphor as a cognitive facilitator in L2 vocabulary acquisition. Journal of Language Teaching 3:5 ► pp. 23 ff.
[no author supplied]
2016. Metaphor [Synthesis Lectures on Human Language Technologies, ],
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