Article published in:Variation and change in the languages of Indonesia
Edited by Maya Ravindranath Abtahian and Abigail C. Cohn
[Asia-Pacific Language Variation 7:2] 2021
► pp. 142–167
Gender, mobility and contact
Stability and change in an Acehnese dialect
We examine variation in a rural variety of Acehnese spoken in Aceh Province, to better understand the impact of long-term contact with Indonesian and increasing urbanization. The Great Aceh variety is characterized by variable realization of word-final (t) as a dental vs. glottal stop. Analyses of over 2,000 tokens of this variable from a corpus of spontaneous speech from 35 speakers indicate that the variability is relatively stable among men, and among women of high mobility, measured in terms of education, occupation, and time spent outside Great Aceh. Women with low mobility produce the lowest rates of [t̪], and in this group we observe a higher rate of [t̪] by younger than older women, suggesting change over time. We thus find both stability – among those who have long enjoyed high levels of mobility – and change – among those most affected by recent social changes, namely low-mobility women.
Keywords: variation and change, language contact, mobility, sociophonetics, glottalization, Acehnese, Indonesian
Keywords: variasi dan perubahan bahasa, kontak bahasa, mobilitas, sosiofonetik, glotalisasi, Bahasa Aceh, Bahasa Indonesia
Published online: 06 October 2021
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