Article published in:Linguistics in the Netherlands 2016
Edited by Jenny Audring and Sander Lestrade
[Linguistics in the Netherlands 33] 2016
► pp. 14–27
Expressing generic and transitory opinions in Greek
A semantic analysis of the verbs theoro and vrisko
This paper investigates the semantics of the Greek subjective attitude verbs vrisko (‘find’) and theoro (‘consider’). I present data from Greek where both verbs embed small clauses including evaluative adjectives (‘tasty’, ‘attractive’) and I develop a tentative analysis for each verb following Sæbø’s (2009) account of find and Chierchia’s (1995) analysis for generic predicates. I propose that: a) vrisko is a stage-level subjective verb expressing transitory opinions about objects of evaluation as viewed within a particular experience situation; b) theoro is an individual-level subjective verb expressing generic opinions about objects of evaluation as realised across various experience situations. This approach explains the observed contrasts between the two verbs. Moreover, it shows that the individual- and stage- level distinction is manifested in attitude verbs and that language employs distinct verbs depending on how an object of evaluation is viewed by the relevant judge.
Keywords: semantics, subjectivity, attitude verbs, genericity, experience
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Published online: 21 December 2016
Chierchia, Gennaro[ p. 27 ]
Krifka, Manfred, Pelletier, Francis J., Carlson, Gregory N., Chierchia, Gennaro, Link, Godehard, & ter Meulen, Alice
Smith, Carlota S.