Chapter published in:Writing Systems, Reading Processes, and Cross-Linguistic Influences: Reflections from the Chinese, Japanese and Korean Languages
Edited by Hye K. Pae
[Bilingual Processing and Acquisition 7] 2018
► pp. 163–176
Semantic and lexical processing of words across two languages in Chinese-English bilinguals
Fengyang Ma | School of Education, University of Cincinnati;
Haiyang Ai | School of Education, University of Cincinnati;
Taomei Guo | State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University; | Center for Collaboration and Innovation in Brain and Learning Sciences, Beijing Normal University
The present fMRI study examined the neural correlates of semantic and lexical processing in unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals with two lexical decision tasks in both their languages. Results showed that when contrasted the participants’ responses to words with those of pseudo-words, there was no significant difference between the first language (L1) and the second language (L2), suggesting that comparable neural networks are involved in semantic processing during word recognition in unbalanced bilinguals’ two languages. However, when contrasted the neural activation patterns of words and cross strings (i.e., ++++), the weaker L2 elicited stronger activation in the left middle occipital gyrus, the left precentral gyrus, and the right superior parietal lobule, relative to the dominant L1. This indicates that more resources are engaged in lexical processing in the L2 than in the L1.
Keywords: semantic processing, lexical processing, neural mechanism, bilingualism
Published online: 10 July 2018
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Cited by 1 other publications
Pae, Hye K.
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