Chapter published in:Category Change from a Constructional Perspective
Edited by Kristel Van Goethem, Muriel Norde, Evie Coussé and Gudrun Vanderbauwhede
[Constructional Approaches to Language 20] 2018
► pp. 15–46
Chapter 2Category genesis in Chitimacha
A constructional approach
The genesis of new lexical categories poses a challenge to theories of diachronic change: If there are no pre-existing words in the class to analogize to, how does the category arise? This paper shows that a constructional approach to category change successfully accounts for the genesis of a diverse class of preverbs in Chitimacha, an isolate of the U.S. Southeast linguistic area. It is shown that what enabled the creation of the preverb category was schematization across a variety of forms with similar properties, namely, a preverbal syntactic position and a directional semantics. Category genesis can therefore be viewed as simply a special case of constructionalization wherein schematization plays a crucial role.
Keywords: Chitimacha, category genesis, schematicity, schematization, constructionalization, preverbs
- 3.Preverbs in Chitimacha
- 3.1 ʔap venitive
- 3.2 ʔapš reditive
- 3.3 hi andative
- 3.4 his adreditive
- 3.5 kap super-lative
- 3.6 kaːpʼs superreditive
- 3.7 ka translative
- 3.8 kas transreditive
- 3.9 ni detransitivizer
- 4.The constructionalization of Chitimacha preverbs
Published online: 22 March 2018
Barðdal, J., Bjarnadóttir, V., Danesi, S., Dewey, T. K., Eythórsson, T., Fedriani, C., & Smitherman, T.
Barðdal, J., & Eythórsson, T.
Barðdal, J., Smirnova, E., Sommerer, L., & Gildea, S.
Barðdal, J., & Smitherman, T.
Bergs, A., & Diewald, G.
Booij, G., & van Kemenade, A.
Brinton, L. J., & Traugott, E. C.
Harris, A. C.
Harris, A. C., & Campbell, L.
Heine, B., & Kuteva, T.
Hieber, D. W.
(2014, May). Degrees and dimensions of grammaticalization in Chitimacha preverbs. Paper presented at the 17th Annual Workshop on American Indigenous Languages (WAIL), Santa Barbara.
Hopper, P. J., & Thompson, S. A.
Hopper, P. J., & Traugott, E. C.
König, E., & Gast, V.
Los, B., Blom, C., Booij, G., Elenbaas, M., & van Kemenade, A.
Martin, J. B.
Matthews, P. H.
Roberts, I., & Roussou, A.
Swanton, J. R.
Traugott, E. C., & Trousdale, G.
Cited by 2 other publications
Smirnova, Elena & Lotte Sommerer
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 31 march 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.