Edited by Inga Hennecke and Evelyn Wiesinger
[Constructional Approaches to Language 34] 2023
► pp. 224–254
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, it explores the discursive functioning of two constructions in Spanish: [que conste/sepas (que) + clause] and [como si + subjunctive clause]. Second, it proposes, to this end, to extend the concept of “construction”, originating in Construction Grammar, towards a theoretical-methodological instrument necessary to explain discourse syntax, focusing on the description of the phenomena and their evolution. So far, the existing theoretical models on the architecture of discourse have determined and described categories (discourse markers) and functions (connection or modalization, among others). In macro-syntax or thetical grammar, even peripheral functions related to a proposition have been mentioned. But the existence of sentence patterns that acquire a discursive function in terms of a “construction”, and develop procedural meaning as a whole, has not been considered. Their analysis must take into account various factors, since the procedural meaning carried by the construction arises from the combination of open and fixed slots. These constructions are usually inserted into the syntactic scheme of the sentence or represent suspended statements that operate in reactive interventions. They represent a type of syntax different from the one traditionally considered, which confirms the need to use this extended concept of “construction” in the syntax of discourse as a methodological tool with great potential to explain all the diversity it contains.