European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa

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ISBN 9789630538329 | EUR 250.00 | USD 375.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027274687 | EUR 250.00 | USD 375.00
 
The first major comparative study of African writing in western languages, European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by Albert S. Gérard, falls into four wide-ranging sections: an overview of early contacts and colonial developments “Under Western Eyes”; chapters on “Black Consciousness” manifest in the debates over Panafricanism and Negritude; a group of essays on mental decolonization expressed in “Black Power” texts at the time of independence struggles; and finally “Comparative Vistas,” sketching directions that future comparative study might explore. An introductory essay stresses the millennia of writing in Africa, side by side with a richly eloquent and artistic set of vernacular oral traditions; written and oral traditions have become interwoven in adaptations of imported forms and linguistic innovations that challenge traditional “high” literary norms. Gérard uses the mathematical concept of “fuzzy sets” to explain why the focus on “Black Africa” has led him to set aside for future analysis the literatures produced in North Africa, which fall under the influence of Muslim civilization, as well as the diasporic literatures of the New World. Over sixty scholars from twenty-two countries contribute specialized studies of creative writing by leading authors in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries such as Achebe, Mphahlele, Ngugi, Senghor, Soyinka, and Tutuola. Critical analyses are organized primarily around regions, reflecting different colonial languages imposed through schools and other social institutions. Some authors trace the adaptation of western genres, others identify syncretism with folktales or myths. The volumes are attentive to the heterogeneity of national literatures addressed to polyethnic and multilingual populations, and they note the instrumental politics of language in newly independent states. A closing chapter, “Tasks Ahead,” identifies areas for future scholars to explore.
Publishing status: Available | Original publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Table of Contents
Introduction
Albert S. Gérard
11–37
Part one
Chapter l: Early contacts
41–42
1. The Portuguese in Africa
Gerald Moser
43–48
2. Modern African writing in Latin
Albert S. Gérard
49–56
3. Eighteenth-century writing in English
Paul Edwards
57–76
Chapter ll: West Afirca
77–78
1. The primacy of didactic writing in English and in French
Robert W. July
79–97
2. Creative writing in English: Emergence and stagnation
98
Liberia
Femi Ojo-Ade
98–107
Ghana and Nigeria
George Lang
108–115
3. Creative writing in French: Emergence and diffusion
116–117
West African prose fiction
Priscilla P. Clark
118–130
William-Ponty drama
Bernard Mouralis
130–141
Madagascar
Clive Wake
141–151
Cameroon
George Joseph
151–158
The Belgian territories
Mukala Kadima-Nzuji
158–167
Chapter lll: Southern Africa
169–172
1. South African literatures to world war ll
A.J. Coetzee
173–213
2. White South African literature after world war ll
214–216
Afrikaans
A.J. Coetzee
217–230
English
Michael Wade
230–250
3. The emergency of English writing in Zimbabwe
John Reed
251–262
Chapter IV: Portuguese Africa to the 1950s
263–266
1. The West African area: Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome e Principe
Norman Araujo
267–289
2. Angola
Gerald Moser
290–304
3. Mozambique
Manuel Ferreira
305–320
Chapter V: Hispanic Africa
Annette I. Dunzo
321–329
Part two
331–339
Chapter VI: Negritude
341
1. The Western mood
Albert S. Gérard
342–353
2. Black migrants in Paris
Martin Steins
354–378
The Negritude debate
Abiola Irele
379–393
Chapter VII: Protest writing outside French Afrika
395
1. Portuguese Africa: The new militancy
Manuel Ferreira
395–433
2. South Africa: Black consciousness
Lewis Nkosi
434–450
Part three
451–455
Chapter VIII: French
457–461
1. The first post-war generation
462
L.S. senghor and lyrical poetry
Clive Wake
462–475
From folktale to short story
Tshikumambila Nyembwe
475–489
The growth of the novel
Adele King
489–500
2. The second post-war generation
501
Lyrical poetry
Clive Wake
501–512
The golden years of the novel
P. Ngandu
512–539
3. The emergence of local publishing
540–541
Congo/Zaire
Mukala Kadima-Nzuji
541–557
Cameroon
Fernando Lambert
557–574
The Nouvelles editions Africanes
Albert S. Gérard
574–580
4. The seventies
581
Poetry
Clive Wake
582–588
Drama
Mineke de Schipper-Leeuw
588–602
The novel
Nicole Medjigbodo
602–628
Chapter IX: English: Nigeria
629–631
1. Amos Tutoula: Literary syncretism and the yoruba folk tradition
Bernth Lindfors
632–649
2. Popular urban fiction and Cyprian ekwensi
Juliet Okonkwo
650–658
3. The ibadan cluster
659
-The horn
W.H. Stevenson
659–668
Black Orpheus
Bernth Lindfors
669–679
Mbari
N. Dingome
679–688
4. Chinua achebe and the growth of the novel
689
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Subjects

Literature & Literary Studies

Comparative literature & literary studies
BIC Subject: DSB – Literary studies: general
BISAC Subject: LIT000000 – LITERARY CRITICISM / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  87120471