The Cognitive System of the French Verb

| Memorial University of Newfoundland
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ISBN 9789027236517 (Eur) | EUR 105.00
ISBN 9781556198625 (USA) | USD 158.00
 
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This study is based on the writings and teaching of Gustave Guillaume (1883-1960), one of the earliest proponents of what is today called Cognitive Linguistics. It offers (1) a much needed presentation in English of Guillaume’s view of the French system, (2) the clarifications added by his successors, and (3) much empirical detail added by the author from his own extensive experience with the material.
The word system in this work, as explained in the very first chapter, is intended in the Saussurian sense of a closed set of contrasts. The method is first briefly applied to English, in order to familiarize the reader with the methodological concepts and terminology, and comparisons are made with the general outline of the French system.
The major sub-systems of the French verb are analysed in the four central chapters (4-7) entitled Aspect, Voice, Tense, Mood, followed by a chapter on systemic comparison, and two final chapters of detailed analysis of the verbal morphology and its relevance to the cognitive system.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 147]  1997.  xii, 187 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
Chapter One: The Nature of Content Systems
1
1. Introduction
1
1.1 Origin of the idea
1
1.2 System in phonology
2
1.3 System and grammatical structure
4
1.4 System in language
7
1.5 Tongue and discourse
8
1.6 Systems and rules
10
1.7 Content systems and referential meaning
11
1.8 Prior studies with Guillaumian influence
14
1.9 Conclusion
15
Chapter Two: Verbal Paradigms and their Content
17
2. Introduction
17
2.1 The paradigm of tense
17
2.2 Mood
23
2.3 Aspect
27
2.4 Voice
33
2.5 The verbal paradigms of French
34
Chapter Three: Chronogenesis
35
3. Introduction
35
3.1 Three morphosyntactic types
35
3.2 Stage I: the quasi-nominal mood
37
3.3 Stage II: subjunctive mood
41
3.4 Stage III: indicative mood
43
3.5 Conclusion
46
Chapter Four: Aspect
48
4. Introduction
48
4.1 Distinguishing tense from aspect
49
4.2 Sequence of tenses in English
59
4.3 Use of the surcomposé in main clauses
60
4.4 Conclusion
61
Chapter Five: Voice
63
5. Introduction
63
5.1 The grammatical representation of agent and patient
64
5.2 Passive voice in French
66
5.3 The pronominal verbs
69
5.4 The verbs of resultant state
71
5.5 Middle voice
76
5.6 Active and middle with inanimate objects
82
5.7 Conclusion
83
Chapter Six: Tense
85
6. Introduction: tense and aspect
85
6.1 Defining tense and aspect in cognitive terms
86
6.2 Tense in cognitive terms
88
6.3 Tense and the experience of time
89
6.4 The parameters of tense in French
92
6.5 Past tenses
96
6.6 Future and conditional
105
6.7 Conclusion
110
Chapter Seven: Mood
111
7. Introduction
111
7.1 A simple cognitive contrast
111
7.2 The subjunctive as a position in the system
112
7.3 The indicative/subjunctive contrast
114
7.4 Facing the problems of subjunctive usage
123
7.5 Conclusion
124
Chapter Eight: Present and Present Perfect
129
8. Introduction
129
8.1 Concrete cognitive activity
129
8.2 The nature of a threshold
130
8.3 Cognitive contrasts, lexical and grammatical
131
8.4 Conclusion
138
Chapter Nine: Semiology, the System of Signs
139
9. Introduction
139
9.1 The arbitrary nature of the sign
139
9.2 Arbitrariness and the law of coherence
141
9.3 Allomorphs of aller
144
9.4 The ‘verbes de puissance
144
9.5 The morphology of the imperative
145
9.6 Coclusion
146
Chapter Ten: Verbal Paradigms
148
10. Introduction: regular and irregular verbs
148
10.1 Verbal paradigms of French
148
10.2 Derivational verb suffixes of Latin
149
10.3 The French suffix /-i(s)-/
150
10.4 The axial consonant
151
10.5 Other correspondences in the paradigms
152
10.6 The forms of the Latin perfect
154
10.7 The past participle
155
10.8 Conclusion
155
Bibliography
158
General Index
170
Index of Verb Forms
182
“[...] this work serves a useful function in the world of teaching and learning about French psycholinguistics.”
Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  97006144