A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa)

| Memorial University of Newfoundland
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ISBN 9789027236708 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556198816 (USA) | USD 165.00
 
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This monograph aims to close the gap in our knowledge of the nature and pace of grammatical change during the formative period of today’s Indo-Aryan languages. During the 6th-12th c. the gradual erosion of the synthetic morphology of Old Indo-Aryan resulted ultimately in the remodelling of its syntax in the direction of the New Indo-Aryan analytic type.
This study concentrates on the emergence and development of the ergative construction in terms of the passive-to-ergative reanalysis and the co-existence of the ergative construction with the old and new analytic passive constructions. Special attention is paid to the actuation problem seen as the tug of war between conservative and eliminative forces during their development. Other chapters deal with the evolution of grammatical and lexical aspect, causativization, modality, absolute constructions and subordination.
This study is based on a wealth of new data gleaned from original poetic works in Apabhraṃśa (by Svayaṃbhādeva, Puṣpadanta, Haribhadra, Somaprabha et al.). It contains sections dealing with descriptive techniques of Medieval Indian grammarians (esp. Hemacandra). All the Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa examples are consistently parsed and translated.
The opus is cast in the theoretical framework of Functional Grammar of the Prague and Amsterdam Schools. It should be of particular interest to scholars and students of Indo-Aryan and general historical linguistics, especially those interested in the issues of morphosyntactic change and typology in their sociohistorical setting.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 165]  1998.  xxiv, 265 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
List of Illustrations
xiv
Abbreviations of Languages and Dialects
xvii
Abbreviations of Primary Literature
xix
Abbreviations of Grammatical Terms
xxi
Introduction
xxiii
Part One: Methodology, Sociolinguistic Background and Apabhraṃśa Literary Corpus
Chapter 1: Methodology and Theoretical Approach
1.1 Previous studies of the late Middle Indo-Aryan period
1
1.2 The scope and aims of the present study
3
1.3 Methodology
5
1.4 Conceptual framework
6
Chapter 2: Historical, Social, and Linguistic Background
2.1 Regional states in Northern India (6th – 12th century A. D.)
13
2.2 Sociolinguistic impact of foreign invasions and settlements on Northern India
15
2.3 Literary languages of Medieval India (Sanskrit, Prākrits, and Apabhraṃśa)
16
Chapter 3: Evidence from Medieval Indian Grammarians
3.1 Vararuci's Prākṟtaprakāśa
33
3.2 Descriptive technique of Hemacandra Sūri (1088/89–1172/73)
34
3.3 Eastern grammarians: Kramadīśvara and Puruṣottama
44
Chapter 4: Late Middle Indo-Aryan Vernacular Corpus
4.1 Eastern Apabhraṃśa: the Dohākoṣas of Kāṇha and Saraha
50
4.2 Apabhraṃśa songs in Kālidāsa's Vikramorvaśīya
55
4.3 Joindu's Paramātmaprakāsa and Yogasāra
56
4.4 Svayaṃbhūdeva's Paumacariu and Riṭṭhanemicariu
56
4.5 Puspadanta's Harivaṃśapurāṇa
58
4.6 Kanakāmara's Karakaṇḍacariu
58
4.7 Dhaṇavāla's Bhavisattakahā
59
4.8 Rāmasiṃha's Pāhuḍadohā
59
4.9 Haribhadra's Sanatkumāracarita
59
4.10 Somaprabha's Kumārapālapratibodha
60
4.11 Addahamāṇa's Saṃdeśa Rāsaka
62
Part Two: Grammatical Change During the Late Middle Indo-Aryan Period
Chapter 5: Restructuring of the Nominal System and the Evolution of the Phrasal Case
5.1 Erosion of the nominal case system
65
5.2 Source
68
5.3 Appurtenance
74
5.4 Reference
78
5.5 Location
80
5.6 Accompaniment/Instrumentality
83
Chapter 6: Restructuring of the Pronominal System and the Evolution of the Phrasal Case
6.1 Late Middle Indo-Aryan period (Apabhraṃśa)
88
6.2 Early New Indo-Aryan period
99
Chapter 7: Evolution of Grammatical and Lexical Aspect
7.1 Grammatical aspect
104
7.2 Lexical aspect
111
Chapter 8: The Old Synthetic and the New Analytic Passive
8.1 Inherited finite (synthetic) passive in -ijja-
118
8.2 Inherited analytic be-passive
124
8.3 Innovative analytic jānā “go”-passive
125
8.4 Non-finite passive with the past passive particle
126
Chapter 9: The Emergence and Development of the Ergative Construction
9.1 The functional theory of the origins of ergativity
133
9.2 The possessive and agentive construction in Middle Indo-Aryan
136
9.3 The tug of war between conservative and eliminative forces in the history of Indo-Aryan
141
9.4 Ergative interpretation of the constructions with the past passive participle in Apabhraṃśa
147
Chapter 10: The Scope of the Causative
10.1 The functional theory of causativization
161
10.2 Finite causatives
163
10.3 Non-finite causatives
164
10.4 Causativization in Sanskrit and Prākrits
168
Chapter 11: Mood and Modality
11.1 Epistemic and deontic modality
184
11.2 The gerundive in statements of necessity and possibility
189
11.3 The gerundive in the function of inferential mode
192
11.4 The gerundive recategorized as future tense
193
Chapter 12: Absolute Constructions
12.1 Absolute constructions in Old Indo-Aryan
197
12.2 Absolute constructions in Apabhraṃśa
199
Chapter 13: Complementation and Relativization
13.1 The gerund with modal verbs
206
13.2 Dative of purpose with verbs of motion
206
13.3 The quotative particle ema
207
13.4 Relative clauses in Apabhraṃśa
209
13.5 Subordinate clauses introduced by relative pronouns
210
13.6 Subordinate clauses introduced by relative adverbs
212
Chapter 14: Conclusions
14.1 Grammatical change in Indo-Aryan languages during the Medieval period (6th – 12th century A.D.)
217
14.2 Sociolinguistic aspects of the history of Indo-Aryan languages during the Medieval period
221
14.3 A contribution of the present monograph to general historical linguistics
223
14.4 Epilogue
230
Editions of Primary Literature
231
References and Select Bibliography
235
Index of Ancient and Medieval Grammarians
250
Index of Modern Authors
251
Index of Quoted Passages
253
Index of Languages and Dialects
258
Index of Subjects
261
“The book is one of the very few studies of the linguistic facts of a far-flung literature and, as such, fills a real lacuna. Not the least of its virtues is to have assembled an Apabhramsa cano, heretofore nonexistent for Western scholars, which can serve as a basis for further studies of many of the syntactic phenomena mentioned here, as well as others.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  98035298