Lexical Perspectives on Transitivity and Ergativity

Causative constructions in English

| Université Charles de Gaulle, Lille 3
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027236715 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556198823 (USA) | USD 165.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027275660 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
Fusing insights from cognitive grammar, systemic-functional grammar and Government & Binding, the present work elaborates and refines Davidse’s view that the English grammar of lexical causatives is governed by the transitive and ergative paradigms, two distinct models of causation (Davidse 1991, 1992). However, on the basis of extensive synchronic and diachronic data on verbs of killing (e.g. kill, execute, choke or drown), it is shown that ‘transitivity’ and ‘ergativity’ are not absolute but prototypical characteristics of verbs which may be overruled by the semantics of the construal in which they occur. The variable transitive or ergative character of the verbs reveals the complex interaction between the semantics of the construction and that of the verb. The diachronic analyses further illustrate how in the course of time verbs may change their paradigmatic properties, either temporarily (e.g. the ergativization of strangle, throttle and smother) or permanently (e.g. the ‘causativization’ of starve or the partial transitivization of abort). The analyses show that these changes are semantically well-motivated and further illustrate the cognitive reality of the two causative models. The work explores the experiential basis of the prototypical paradigmatic behaviour of verbs (e.g. the ergative predilection of the SUFFOCATE verbs). In addition, it attempts to shed more light on the semantics and restrictions of certain constructions, such as the medio-passive, the derivation of adjectives in –able, or the derivation of agentive nominals in –er.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 166]  1998.  xii, 268 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Part I: Theoretical Premises
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Constructional variation with causative verbs
3
1.2 Structural organization of this book
5
1.3 Theoretical framework
8
1.4 Empirical methodology
17
Chapter 2: The semantics of causative constructions
2.1 Analytical versus lexical causatives
22
2.2 Transitive versus ergative lexical causatives
28
Chapter 3: The semantics of causative verbs
3.1 The structure of lexical categories
49
3.2 The structure of lexical fields
55
3.3 Lexical versus constructional semantics
62
3.4 Conclusions to Part I
66
Part II: Case Studies
Chapter 4: Lexically determined flexibility and constraints
4.1 Introduction
71
4.2 A synchronic perspective on constructional constraints
71
4.3 A diachronic perspective on constructional flexibility
85
4.4 Conclusions
97
Chapter 5: The Agent-centredness of the transitive paradigm
5.1 The experiential basis of agentivity
99
5.2 Lexical blueprints for agentivity: the MURDER verbs
106
5.3 Morphological blueprints for agentivity: agentive nominals
127
5.4 Constructional blueprints for agentivity: the objectless transitive
140
5.5 Conclusions
146
Chapter 6: The Medium-centredness of the ergative paradigm
6.1 The experiential basis of ergativity
149
6.2 Lexical and constructional convergence in Early Modern English
153
6.3 Lexical and constructional differentiation in Contemporary English
158
6.4 Transitivity and force-dynamics: phrasal verbs
178
6.5 Conclusions
187
Chapter 7: Complexities of the transitive-ergative interplay
7.1 The experiential basis of the transitive/ergative interplay
191
7.2 Lexical and constructional variation in Modern English
192
7.3 Ergativization of abort in Early Modern English
197
7.4 Transitivization of abort in Modern English
208
7.5 Conclusions
216
Chapter 8: Summary and evaluation
8.1 Summary
221
8.2 Evaluation
231
8.3 Further Research
238
References
243
Dictionaries
255
Corpus References
256
Glossary
257
Index of Names
259
Index of Subjects
262
“[...] an interesting exploration into the fascinating domain of verbs, a step further on the way of lexical and constructional variation.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  98036270