The “Broken” Plural Problem in Arabic and Comparative Semitic

Allomorphy and analogy in non-concatenative morphology

Author
Robert R. Ratcliffe | Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027236739 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556198847 (USA) | USD 165.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027275646 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
The formal aspects of non-concatenative morphology have received considerable attention in recent years, but the diachronic dimensions of such systems have been little explored. The current work applies a modern methodological and theoretical framework to a classic problem in Arabic and Semitic historical linguistics: the highly allomorphic system of ‘stem-internal’ or ‘broken’ plurals. It shows that widely-accepted views regarding the historical development of this system are untenable and offers a new hypothesis.
The first chapter lays out a methodology for comparative-historical research in morphology. The next two chapters present an analysis of Arabic morphology based on contemporary formal linguistic approaches, and applies this analysis to the noun plural system. Chapter Four shows that neither semantic shift nor ablaut-type sound change account adequately for the data. The fifth chapter offers a systematic comparison of the plural systems of Semitic languages, incorporating much new research on the languages of South Arabia and Ethiopia. Chapter Six proposes a new reconstruction.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 168]  1998.  xii, 261 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Cited by

Cited by 51 other publications

No author info given
2017.  In Development of Tense/Aspect in Semitic in the Context of Afro-Asiatic Languages [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 337], Crossref logo
No author info given
2021.  In A Theory of Distributed Number [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today, 269], Crossref logo
No author info given
2021.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics,  pp. 11 ff. Crossref logo
A. Haddad, Youssef
2008. Pseudometathesis in three Standard Arabic broken-plural templates. Word Structure 1:2  pp. 135 ff. Crossref logo
ABDALLA, FAUZIA & MARTHA CRAGO
2008. Verb morphology deficits in Arabic-speaking children with specific language impairment. Applied Psycholinguistics 29:2  pp. 315 ff. Crossref logo
Abdalla, Fauzia, Michael P. Robb & Tareq Al-Shatti
2010. Stuttering and lexical category in adult Arabic speakers. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics 24:1  pp. 70 ff. Crossref logo
ALBIRINI, ABDULKAFI
2015. Factors affecting the acquisition of plural morphology in Jordanian Arabic. Journal of Child Language 42:4  pp. 734 ff. Crossref logo
Albirini, Abdulkafi
2021.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics,  pp. 277 ff. Crossref logo
Albirini, Abdulkafi & Elabbas Benmamoun
2014. Concatenative and Nonconcatenative Plural Formation in L1, L2, and Heritage Speakers of Arabic. The Modern Language Journal 98:3  pp. 854 ff. Crossref logo
Albirini, Abdulkafi & Elabbas Benmamoun
2014. Concatenative and Nonconcatenative Plural Formation in L1, L2, and Heritage Speakers of Arabic. The Modern Language Journal 98:3  pp. 854 ff. Crossref logo
Alqarni, Muteb
2021. No Gender Polarity in Arabic Numeral Phrases. Linguistic Inquiry 52:3  pp. 441 ff. Crossref logo
Alqudsi, Arwa, Nazlia Omar & Khalid Shaker
2014. Arabic machine translation: a survey. Artificial Intelligence Review 42:4  pp. 549 ff. Crossref logo
Alshammari, Wafi & Stuart Davis
2019.  In Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXXI [Studies in Arabic Linguistics, 8],  pp. 51 ff. Crossref logo
Alshboul, Sabri, Sahail M. Asassfeh & Yousef Al Shaboul
2013. Default Diminutives: Evidence from Modern Standard Arabic. Journal of Language Teaching and Research 4:1 Crossref logo
Al Aghbari, Khalsa
2014. Vb infixed plurals in Jebbāli. Morphology 24:2  pp. 105 ff. Crossref logo
ATTIA, MOHAMMED, PAVEL PECINA, YOUNES SAMIH, KHALED SHAALAN & JOSEF VAN GENABITH
2016. Arabic spelling error detection and correction. Natural Language Engineering 22:5  pp. 751 ff. Crossref logo
Bat-El, Outi
2011.  In The Blackwell Companion to Phonology,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Benmamoun, Elabbas
2016.  In Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXVII [Studies in Arabic Linguistics, 3],  pp. 59 ff. Crossref logo
Benmamoun, Elabbas, Abdulkafi Albirini, Silvina Montrul & Eman Saadah
2014.  Arabic plurals and root and pattern morphology in Palestinian and Egyptian heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 4:1  pp. 89 ff. Crossref logo
Blanchete, Ilham, Mohammed Mourchid, Samir Mbarki & Abdelaziz Mouloudi
2019.  In Formalizing Natural Languages with NooJ 2018 and Its Natural Language Processing Applications [Communications in Computer and Information Science, 987],  pp. 27 ff. Crossref logo
Boudelaa, Sami
2014.  In Handbook of Arabic Literacy [Literacy Studies, 9],  pp. 31 ff. Crossref logo
Boudelaa, Sami & William D. Marslen-Wilson
2015. Structure, form, and meaning in the mental lexicon: evidence from Arabic. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 30:8  pp. 955 ff. Crossref logo
Bounoua, Ahmed, Ahmed Zinedine, Mohammed El Mohajir & Mohamed El Hannach
2018.  In 2018 IEEE 5th International Congress on Information Science and Technology (CiSt),  pp. 238 ff. Crossref logo
Bulakh, Maria
2019. Omani Mehri: A New Grammar with Texts. Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics 93. By Aaron D. Rubin. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xix + 872 + illustrations. €171.00 (cloth).. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 78:2  pp. 369 ff. Crossref logo
Bulakh, Maria & Leonid Kogan
2011. Arabic influences on Tigre: A preliminary evaluation. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 74:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Cavalli-Sforza, Violetta & Abdelhadi Soudi
2007.  In Arabic Computational Morphology [Text, Speech and Language Technology, 38],  pp. 89 ff. Crossref logo
Davis, Stuart
2017.  In Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXIX [Studies in Arabic Linguistics, 5],  pp. 129 ff. Crossref logo
Davis, Stuart
2019.  In Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXX [Studies in Arabic Linguistics, 7],  pp. 33 ff. Crossref logo
Davis, Stuart & Natsuko Tsujimura
2018.  In The Construction of Words [Studies in Morphology, 4],  pp. 315 ff. Crossref logo
Dawdy-Hesterberg, Lisa Garnand & Janet Breckenridge Pierrehumbert
2014. Learnability and generalisation of Arabic broken plural nouns. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 29:10  pp. 1268 ff. Crossref logo
Divjak, Dagmar, Petar Milin, Adnane Ez-zizi, Jarosław Józefowski & Christian Adam
2021. What is learned from exposure: an error-driven approach to productivity in language. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 36:1  pp. 60 ff. Crossref logo
Dror, Judith
2014. Adjectival Agreement in the Qurʾān. Bulletin d’études orientales :62  pp. 51 ff. Crossref logo
E. Watson, Janet C.
2021.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics,  pp. 405 ff. Crossref logo
Farwaneh, Samira
2020. Non-sound’ verb Inflection in Arabic: Allomorphic variation and paradigmatic uniformity. Morphology 30:1  pp. 61 ff. Crossref logo
Faust, Noam
2019. New reasons to root for the Semitic root from Mehri and Neo-Aramaic . The Linguistic Review 36:3  pp. 575 ff. Crossref logo
Ferrando, Ignacio
2019. La alomorfía en el plural fracto árabe. Del <em>Kitāb</em> de Sībawayhi al árabe moderno. El caso del esquema singular <em>faʿal</em>. Al-Qanṭara 39:2  pp. 587 ff. Crossref logo
González Martínez, Alicia, Susana López Hervás, Doaa Samy, Carlos G. Arques & Antonio Moreno Sandoval
2013.  In Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology [Communications in Computer and Information Science, 380],  pp. 35 ff. Crossref logo
Grande, Francesco
2020. Per una descrizione del kalām al-ʿarab. Fonti, problemi e metodi. Quaderni di Studi Arabi 15:1-2  pp. 109 ff. Crossref logo
Grano, Thomas & Stuart Davis
2018. Universal markedness in gradable adjectives revisited. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 36:1  pp. 131 ff. Crossref logo
Kihm, Alain
2006. Nonsegmental Concatenation: A Study of Classical Arabic Broken Plurals and Verbal Nouns. Morphology 16:1  pp. 69 ff. Crossref logo
Kogan, Leonid
2020. The broken plural in Soqotri. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 83:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Milin, Petar, Emmanuel Keuleers & Dušica Đurđević
2011. Allomorphic responses in Serbian pseudo-nouns as a result of analogical learning. Acta Linguistica Hungarica 58:1  pp. 65 ff. Crossref logo
Rubin, Aaron D.
2008. The Subgrouping of the Semitic Languages. Language and Linguistics Compass 2:1  pp. 79 ff. Crossref logo
Karin Ryding & David Wilmsen
2021.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics, Crossref logo
Souag, Lameen
2021. Pattern borrowing and hybridization in Mubi (East Chadic): The importance of congruence. Word Structure 14:2  pp. 246 ff. Crossref logo
Suchard, Benjamin D. & Jorik (F.J.) Groen
2021. (Northwest) Semitic sg. *CVCC-, pl. *CVCaC-ū-: Broken plural or regular reflex?. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 84:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
TAKAHASHI, Yona
2014. The Historical Development of Niphal Verbal Forms in Biblical Hebrew. Bulletin of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan 56:2  pp. 83 ff. Crossref logo
Ussishkin, Adam
2005. A Fixed Prosodic Theory of Nonconcatenative Templaticmorphology. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 23:1  pp. 169 ff. Crossref logo
Ussishkin, Adam
2006. Affix-favored Contrast Inequity and Psycholinguistic Grounding for Non-concatenative Morphology. Morphology 16:1  pp. 107 ff. Crossref logo
Ussishkin, Adam
2006. Semitic Morphology: Root-based or Word-based?. Morphology 16:1  pp. 37 ff. Crossref logo
Watson, Janet C. E.
2007. Arabic morphology: diminutive verbs and diminutive nouns in San’ani Arabic. Morphology 16:2  pp. 189 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 november 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  98047558 | Marc record