Article published in:Principles of Syntactic Reconstruction
Edited by Gisella Ferraresi and Maria Goldbach
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 302] 2008
► pp. 121–159
Competitive Indo-European syntax
In the following article I will analyse the different constructions of embedded object clauses in the older Indo-European languages. In quite a lot of modern Indo-European languages the standard realisation of the sentential object clause is a finite subordinate clause introduced by a complementizer corresponding to the English conjunction that. In contrast, in some of the older Indo-European languages, this construction is only rarely attested, e.g., in Vedic, and a variety of structures without that-complementizer are used instead (“that-clause competitors”). By cross-linguistic comparison I will reconstruct that two object clause constructions were part of the Proto-Indo-European syntactic structure and that one of them, the explicative clause, can be considered as the predecessor of the modern finite that-object clauses. Furthermore I will show how the relational element of the explicative clause, a wh-operator corresponding to English which, could change to a complementizer element like that.
Published online: 03 December 2008
Cited by 3 other publications
Fykias, Ioannis & Christina Katsikadeli
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 30 march 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.